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A Research On China's Public Service Reform In The Process Of Dual Economic Structure Transformation

Posted on:2011-05-13Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Z P WangFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116330371463360Subject:Political economy
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
the industrial sector and gap between urban and rural areas gradually narrowing accompany with industrialization, the expansion of modern sector in developing countries which experienced the stage of urban-rural dual development patterns and significant urban-rural differences. Technological progress, institutional change is the direct driving force for dual economic structure transformation and the main determining force for Long-term economic growth and structural change in developing countries. Since China's reform and opening up, the expansion of the modern sector brought a large number of surplus rural labors shifting to urban and industrialization deepened the gap between agriculture sector and the modern sector and furthers the differences between urban and rural areas. In the thinking of coordinating urban-rural development and the Scientific View of Development, promoting balanced development of urban and rural areas is an important part of China's economic development strategy. In China's long-term development path of urban-bias, the key of coordinating urban-rural development is the institution reform and its corn is public service reform.Public service expenditure is not only important means of government safeguarding social fairness and justice, but also the main channel for government participating in economic resources distribution. In endogenous growth theory framework, government's public services expenditure can promote urban-rural dual economic transformation by promoting technical progress, human capital investment and increase capital accumulation and then promote sustained economic growth in developing countries. The empirical analysis shows that total public services expenditure co-relation with dual contrast coefficient, but the contradiction in the structure of public services is very significant. On the one hand, internal structure of total public services expenditure is irrational; on the other hand, rural public service expenditure is inefficiency and its structure is also irrational. At the same time, the study on institution changes history and status quo of China's public service shows that urban-rural dual public service institution is the obstacles to transformation of dual economic structure to urban-rural integration development. Therefore, Speeding up the reform of public service institution and optimizing public expenditure structure is the important content of improving China's public service institution and promoting the transformation of dual economic structure.Basic public services expenditure which mainly consists of education, social security and health spending will promote urban-rural dual economic structure transformation through the path of human capital accumulation and it is the key of China's public service reform during the process of urban-rural integration. China should implement urban-rural basic public service equalization through three stages: extensive coverage of basic public service, urban and rural integration of basic public service system and standardization of basic public services in order to promote human capital investment and increase distribution efficiency of human capital. General public service which mainly contends of basic construction expenditure, technology expenditure will promote urban-rural dual economic structure transformation through the path of capital accumulation and technology progress. In the near term, China should continue to implement"industry nurturing agriculture"policy and general public service tilt to rural; in the long term, China will need to further market-oriented reforms on general public services expenditures and improve the governance efficiency of general public service expenditure. At the same time, from the view of urban-rural public service cost equally sharing, China should promote the reform of urban and rural tax integration in a right time.Based on the systematically literature review of dual economic transformation, China's current real stage of dual economic structure transformation and economic policy implications, this paper analyzes the main path and mechanism of public service promoting urban-rural dual economic structure integration and empirically analyze the relationship between public services and the Dual Structure transformation. In addition, the main measures and stapes of China's public service reform, economic conditions of urban-rural tax system integration reform, the main tax options and urban-rural integration tax right distribution are discussed in this paper in the purpose of putting forward useful policy recommendations for China's public service institution reform in the process of urban-rural dual economic transformation.
Keywords/Search Tags:dual economy, structure transformation, urban-rural integration, public service, institution change
PDF Full Text Request
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