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On The Traditional Values Of Western Political Culture Of Multiple Reference

Posted on:2009-06-30Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:L W ZhaoFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360245474280Subject:Chinese Communist Party
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Using Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the "Three Represents" as guidance and the construction of socialist political civilization with Chinese characteristics as a visual angle, in accordance with the party's " drawing beneficial results from political civilization of mankind " proposed by the 16th CPC National Congress guidelines and "to strengthen education of civic awareness, to foster the concept of socialist democracy and the rule of law, freedom and equality and fairness and justice" requests affirmed by 17th CPC National Congress and according to historical materialism principles, on the basis of content summarization of tradition of Western political culture, this paper analyzes and evaluates the content by studying theory, history and modern status comprehensively, which discovers multiple values for reference, to contribute to the building and moving forward of political civilization in China's political culture and open-style development. The purpose of the study is to summarize the political development experience of our own country as well as learn the beneficial fruits from traditions of Western political culture, so that a frame of reference can be provided for the construction of our citizens' political culture, furthermore for the building of socialist political civilization. This is the important practical significance of the thesis, also the academic value demands.In addition to the introduction and conclusion parts, the main body of this paper consists of eight chapters.Chapter 1 talks about the connotations, features and functions of political culture. It tries to define the meaning of political culture scientifically and reveals the characteristics and functions of political culture, using the political culture of Marxist concept as a guide and adopting the comprehensive theoretical research results of domestic sector.From the perspective of the natural and socio-economic political basis of Western political culture traditions, Chapter 2 analyzes the natural conditions and the historical background of the economic, political and social conditions of the generation and development of Western political culture traditions from the three aspects of natural environment bases, economic bases and the political basis comprehensively. Among them, the role and impact of the natural environment of the Western political factors in the formation and development of the Western cultural tradition, the past "no effect" theory is corrected and overcome. The incorrect criticism of past "geographical environment decision theory" is clarified. From the relationship between man and nature perspective, it more accurately reflects the impact of natural environment as a social and material condition of life on the generation and development of the particular political culture traditions. Chapter 3 elucidates how the traditions of Western political culture question closely the rationality of the country regarding to the central matter of political life, explores the essence of the country and analyzes why political thinking methodology uses rational analysis and rationalism as its principle.Chapter 4 reveals the relationship between the Western political tradition to the more differentiation, pluralistic political system and way of thinking tends and design-oriented pluralistic political system from the multi-faceted, multi-cultural perspective.Chapter 5 introduces the public awareness of political power and clarifies traditional Western concept of the national political culture and why political power will be defined as public power and its reasons and intent to emphasize "public" from the cognitive aspect of political power. It stresses on the analysis of the strengthening supervision awareness of political power and reveals its purpose. Also it evaluates briefly the original intention, effectiveness, theory bases and practical results of its separation of powers, checks and balances system, mechanisms' setting up and operation.Chapter 6 states the basic strategy of governing the country by law of Western political tradition, which upholds the spirit of the rule of law and regards law as the supreme legal authority since the ancient Greek and Rome. Its values of rational laws run through the country governance and the practice of social management.Individual standard is the main stream in the relationship between individuals and the country. Chapter 7 states that the country respects individual independence and standard in the tradition of Western political culture and the relationship between rights and obligations stresses on rights standard. In accordance with the recognition of national politics, the country is seen as civic combo, among which "republic" and "united states" embodies the consciousness of civic combo.Chapter 8's main content is as follows. Public awareness of the political role - civic awareness, first of all, defines in terms of civic cultural aspect the formation of citizenship positioning in history. Civic spirit embodies in the political value of the pursuit of love and the pursuit of freedom. Civil rights and obligations stress on right standardization and the unity of rights and obligations. The status of people in the political system is "sovereignty in the people". Citizens own a strong sense of democracy and lasting stability in the concept of democracy.
Keywords/Search Tags:political culture, political civilization, nomocracism
PDF Full Text Request
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