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On The World View Of Historical Materialism

Posted on:2011-02-23Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:H F WangFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360305453804Subject:Marxist philosophy
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
In the "Anti-Duhring," Engels pointed out that,"Modern materialism, the negation of negation, is not simply reverting to the old materialism, but to add two thousand years philosophy and natural science as well as the development of all the ideological content of this two thousand years history itself to the permanent basis of old materialism. Basically, this is no longer a philosophy, but a world view."So, we can say that the modern materialism of Marx is already a world view. Then, what is the "worldview", which is no longer a "philosophy"? Is it practical materialism or dialectical materialism? Or historical materialism? What is historical materialism? Is there a world outlook of dialectical materialism based on the historical materialism? Whether Marx's philosophical revolution is to use "history" as a principle of interpretation to transform materialism, and to revolute a view of the world; or use "materialism" as a principle of interpretation to change the historical theory and to revolute a view of the world? How to understand the relationship between historical materialism as a worldview and dialectics, and "Das Kapital" . These issues constitute the starting point and footing of our thinking.Hegel pointed out that"the content of philosophy is reality." Therefore, "the highest purpose of philosophy is to confirm the consistent of the ideas and the experiences and to achieve the reconciliation of self-conscious rationality and the rationality existing in the settlement that is to achieve the reconciliation of rationality and reality."In this regard, Marx agreed with him. Thus, at the very beginning, Marx enacted a critique of social reality (or the criticism of the earth) for its own territory of philosophical criticism. So, he mainly discussed the political criticism, people's liberation, the critics of philosophy of law, social issues with the public and religious criticism, and so on. The analysis of these problems laid the basic properties of Marx's philosophy fundamentally. And it shows that Marx's'thinking is not along the path of the general problem of Western metaphysics, which carried out in a purely philosophical reflection, but rather leads philosophy directly to the concerns and thinking of their times. What he wants to do is to shape and lead the philosophical spirit of the times through the critique of social reality. In this sense, Marx's philosophy is with a critical dimension of social reality from the outset, and it constitutes a major component of the world view of Marxist- historical materialism.In the history of Marx's intellectual development, ideology critique occupies an important position. It is through the critics of pre-ideological (i.e., Young Hegelians'philosophy of self-consciousness, Feuerbach's materialism, Hegel's speculative philosophy) and post-ideological (i.e., as the bourgeois sense of right form of political economy) criticism of Marx's revolutionary view of the world achieved, thereby to establish and develop their own historical materialist view of the world. Specifically, through the critique of ideology ,on the one hand, Marx fundamentally subverted the past, all traditional metaphysical "concepts determining the existence of", "Thinking determining the existence of" principles of interpretation, thus bringing the source of consciousness comes down to real people's "reality life process "of the product, thus bringing the" social being determines social consciousness "was established as the" history "of the principles of interpretation and eventually established a" history "of the materialist worldview. On the other hand, Marx found the entry point for criticism of capitalist society - a capitalist social reality; found the right "the existing ruthless criticism of everything", and "critical found in the Old World New World" the true path -- - private property; finding reveals hidden in the "material and material of social relations" behind the "people's social relations," the secret places - fetishism; find real people have been enslaved and oppressed of the abstract entity - capital, thus bringing to mankind the "general history" into the right to explore the laws of development as a "real history" of the bourgeois society of the study, Also put ideology critique and the critique of existing social reality of capitalism combines organically. In this sense, without Marx's critiques of ideology, there would be no historical materialism of Marx's new outlook; without Marx's critiques of ideology, there is no overall structure of Marx's capitalist society revealing the inherent contradictions; without Marx's critiques of ideology, Marx would not be the future of communism and the emancipation of mankind the necessity of revelation.In essence, the process of Marx's critique of ideology, is not only the process of establishing the world outlook of historical materialism, but also where the process of change upon its existentialist basis took place. Engels once pointed out that "for all philosophy, especially modern philosophy,the major fundamental issue is the relationship between thinking and existence." Historical materialist worldview is in answer to this question on the basis of realization of the existence of change.For Marx, the relationship between thinking and existence is neither a Hegelian sense of the word "entity that is subject", "thinking that the existence of" the dialectical unity, nor is it Feuerbach called the "emotional - the object" based on unity, but as "human sensuous activity" based, in the "real productive process," the realization of the historical, dialectical unity. It is through the basic question of philosophy of science to answer, the existence of a new theory of Marx on the basis of achieving the right as a general history of the "real productive process" and as a real history of the "capitalist productive process" of the inspection, thus bringing the Haig Dole's "logical, speculative thought of the productive history of" change for the "reality of people's perceptual activity of the" production history, so as to realize the right, including Hegel's philosophy, including in all metaphysical transcendence, and thus found a history of the development of general laws, creating a "real people and their historical development" as the content of historical materialist view of the world.On the basis of Marx's view of the world there is a historical process of change, not only in the birth of Marx's historical materialist worldview, but also in historical materialism and dialectical view of the world based on the rescue process. Through scientific answers to fundamental questions of philosophy, Marx reveals the real "man and the world as a unity by negation" as the content of the dialectics of the real root cause: the survival of people of this origin. In this process, on the one hand, thanks to Hegel "as the promotion of the principles and the creation of principles" negative dialectic, Marx realized for all the old materialism fundamental changes, in turn, created a historical materialist view of the world; the other On the one hand, thanks to the newly created world outlook of historical materialism, Marx realized the rescue of the speculative dialectic materialism, the concept of dialectics as a critical change in revolutionary dialectics, the "logic of the ideological content of" change as "the connotation of the logic of history . " In this sense, historical materialism is dialectical, that is, the dialectics of historical materialism, the dialectic is to "human sensuous activity" as the existence of theory-based, "real people and their historical development" as the content in order to " unity of man and the world's negative relationship "as the starting point to history as the principles of interpretation in pursuit of human freedom and liberation for the purport of the scientific theory.As a"capital"logic,"capital theory" is Marx's later intellectual development, "carry the tripod to make." How to understand the historical materialist view of the world work with this question of the relationship has long-troubled people the basis for a major theoretical issue. In our view, "Das Kapital" is a critique by Marx in the social reality and ideological critique of historical materialism on the basis of another perfect view of the world and rich, but also its most genuine expression of dialectics. In "Das Kapital" Marx's view of the world by means of historical materialism, revealed the connotation of the logic of capital and thus the "idealism" and "thinking process" to build on the dialectics of change based on historical materialism "production process" dialectics to realize the logic from the thinking of the connotation of the historical connotation of logic, from a historical connotation of logic to the logic of capital, meaning a double shift. Moreover, in "Das Kapital", through to the capital to capital-based production, the capitalist mode of production, the capitalist relations of production and capitalist ownership, capital accumulation and so the overall structure of capitalist society, the inner contradictions of the revealed that Marx finally realized right as a "real history" critique of capitalist social reality, thereby undermining the logic of capital, breaking the non-historical myth of capitalism, thus revealing the truth as an abstract entity of human capital, rule and thoroughly reveals the hidden "material and material relationship" behind the relationships between people, Thus thoroughly answered the problem:"How is the liberation of people possible?"...
Keywords/Search Tags:Historical materialism, worldview, human perceptual activity, dialectic, capital
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