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The Structural Transformation Of Japan’s Political Party System And Its Impact On The China-Japan Relations

Posted on:2016-11-24Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:H JiangFull Text:PDF
GTID:1226330467494677Subject:International politics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
The transformation of Japan’s political party system is an important issue whichclosely relates to the political transformation of Japan and the national strategytransformation of Japan. Hence, it has become a hot topic and a profoundly researchedsubject in Japan and all over the world. Whether it is successful or not means a lot to thestabilities of politics and the political situation of Japan and it thus will have asignificant impact on the national strategy and foreign policy of Japan.The transformation of Japan’s political party system is a gradual process of shapingand reshaping which is actuated by functional change and institutional transformation.Functional change is a process of political parties’ aggregation and political circlesreshuffle, and is resulted from the transformation of political party system caused by thechange of political power. It is a process aims at shaping two equally marched parties aswell as bringing about a fact of shaping two major political parties to implement thestability of the regime. Institutional transformation is a process of institutionalimprovement and innovation, a top level design towards the political parties’ system andpolitical parties’ participation of politics. It plays the role as institutional arrangementfor adjusting the competition among political parties, shaping a benign operation ofpolitical system and rebuilding a seasonable and efficient political system of operationand thus to produce a process of the two political parties’ system by efforts. Two-partysystem remains to be an ideal mode in the perspective of future. However, constrainedby structural contradictions in the political culture and political party system in Japan,the reality of one strong party and several weak ones under which the space for LiberalDemocratic Party being the dominant majority still exists, political system will continueto change and political parties’ combination will still be a process of trial and error.Under the resultant force of the two processes, the party politics in Japan as well asthe nation itself have been changing deeply and hence exerts direct influence on thestability and effectiveness of Japan’s foreign policies and international strategies. Fromthe vertical perspective of historical evolution, there is connectivity between thetransformation of political party system and Japan’s national change, this connectivityhas been widely valued by international community due to the specialty of Japan. Fromthe lateral perspective of real change, the transformation of political party system isclosely connected with general transformation of Japan in areas such as economy,politics, society and national strategy. The connectivity has also been focused onbecause of its special position in the international system. Therefore, the transformationof Japan’s political party system as a domestic basis has provided beneficial theoreticalexploration and produced realistic space of thinking for us to consider its grand strategy. Given this, this dissertation has reasonably analyzed the collapse of1955-systemand its profound impact on the Japan politics as well as the force and the approaches ofthe transformation of Japan’s political party system, objectively assessed the results andeffects of the two equally marched parties and two major political parties under thegeneral perception of the background. In addition, it has also interpreted the possibilityand internal imbalance of the transformation of Japan’s political party system in thefuture. On this basis, this dissertation has demonstrated and dissected the direct andindirect impact of the transformation of Japan’s political party system on the relationsbetween Japan and China, as well as the situation and uncertainties of the relationsbetween them in the future.This dissertation has been divided into three parts, which including six sectors. Thestructure design and main contents of this article are as follow:The first part including the first sector, which expounds on the basic logics of thetransformation of Japan’s political party system, namely the background, basic forceand the choice approaches; the second sector to the fifth sector are the second part,which relate the internal mechanism and general process of the transformation ofJapan’s political party system, concretely the second part has importantly elaborated onthe beginning of transformation, which means the formation and the collapse of the oneparty dominant mode of the Liberal Democratic Party; the third sector concerns aboutthe primary trial of the transformation, which means the dynamic process of transformfrom the one party dominant mode to two-party system; the fourth sector analyses thedirection of the transformation of Japan’s political party system and the vicissitudes ofthe Democratic Party, describes the formation and the development of the two equallymarched parties; The fifth sector focuses on the predicament of the transformation andpredicts four tendency, it’s possible projects and therefore reveals the contradictions andproblems during the process of transformation; the sixth sector are the third part, whichexpounded the change of the foreign policy decision mechanism results from thetransformation of Japan’s political party system, and has profoundly analyzed the Sino-Japanese relations and “one-party dominance” result from the in power of LiberalDemocratic Party it has also explored strategically and politically the long-term impactof the transformation on the relations between Japan and China.
Keywords/Search Tags:The Political Party System of Japan, Structural transformation, Two-party system, Party Realignment, Sino-Japanese relations
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