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Complementary Relationships Between Politicians And Bureaucrats At Local Administration In Bangladesh Towards Team Effectiveness:Multi-Stakeholders Perspective

Posted on:2020-04-05Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Full Text:PDF
GTID:1366330575966368Subject:Public Management
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This study only focused on the performance of the Upazila Parishad(UZP)team,which is renowned as the mid-tier of rural local government in Bangladesh.Before 1982,local administration was chaired by the bureaucrats for a long time that was inherited from the British.After the introduction of the UZP system in 1982,the authority of local government has turned to the politicians.After a long absence,the UZP is now operating under the elected leadership of 492 Upazila.According to the UZP Act,Upazila Nirbahi Officer(UNO)is an official of the Bangladesh Civil Service Administration Cadre,who is designated as the Principal Executive Officer(PEO)of the UZP,while UNO's responsibilities include ensuring compliance with rules and regulations and maintaining financial discipline.According to the UZP Act of 1998(Amended on 2009&2011),UZP Chairman(UZPC)has the legal authority to supervise all transferred officers.On the contrary,officers of transferred departments have also been accountable to the UZPC for their assigned tasks.However,local bureaucrats have also to be accountable to their superior line ministry.Aftermuch experimentation,the UZP system is performing actively since 2009 by its elected body.The problem is that local bureaucrats are not ready to accept this authority,on the contrary,local elected politicians try to exercise excessive political power over local bureaucrats,which ultimately causes frustration and dissatisfaction between them.Despite this limitation,the government has enacted a rule to hold local government elections by the way of partisanship in 2015.On the other hand,according to the UZP Act,members of the parliament(MP)have a mandatory advisory role over the UZP that leads to mistrust and conflict between them,which ultimately hinders UZP's team effectiveness.In this circumstances,this study is aimed to determine the dominant factors affecting team effectiveness at the UZP and measured the moderating role of legislation and policies,and education between determined factors and team effectivenessthat has been explored through multi-stakeholders(Politicians-Bureaucrats,and Citizens)perspective.To achieve these goals,the study used triangulation method,while politicians and bureaucrat's opinions were collected in a study through quantitative field surveys,and the citizen's observations were collected through qualitative interviews to complement the survey results received from politicians and bureaucrats.In this study,320 sample respondents from politicians and bureaucrats were considered,of which 32 UZPs from 8 administrative divisions were selected.On the other hand,160 citizens respondent from different categories have been selected and interviewed from this 32 UZP.In this regard,quantitative survey data has been analyzed through SmartPLS software 3.0,while qualitative data from the citizens have been analyzed through data analysis spiral which is adapted from Creswell.The quantitative results revealed that role ambiguity,weak mutual dependence,role conflict,lack of mutual trust,lack of organizational commitment,weak procedural justice hampered team effectiveness at the UZP significantly.Also,after including legislation and policies,and education as a moderating variable between a couple of relationships,the PLS model has been enhanced.Therefore,the moderating effect of legislation and policies between role ambiguity and team effectiveness,and role conflict and team effectiveness are found negative and statistically significant,whereas there is no moderating effect of legislation and policies between procedural justice and team effectiveness.On the contrary,there is no significant moderating effect of education between role ambiguity and team effectiveness,and procedural justice and team effectiveness.Although,legislation and policies,and less educational qualification have a direct negative effect on team effectiveness that was marginally significant.In this regard,it can be said that existing legislation and policies have created more ambiguous and conflicting situations with existing relationships,while team members those are less educated do not have any significant role to createan ineffective team.After receiving this result,citizen respondents have been interviewed to supplement whether the findings were properly explored or not.The citizens fully agreed upon on these results and they expressed in detail about the nature and forms of conflicts,which is elaborately discussed in chapter 6.Finally,with regards to the goodness of overall model fit measures,the results showed that the proposed model of this study is statistically fit considering the threshold value of SRMR and NFI measures.Following the findings of the study,it is apparent that the factors of team effectivenessare not maintained adequately at the UZP teamactivities that ultimately hampered team performances.Despite this limitations,government legislation and policies enhanced the existing bad relationships between the elected politicians and the bureaucrats,although the government enacted these policies to make capable UZP team.In this circumstances,the government or the policymakers should arrange a dialogue under a common platform irrespective of political ideology to reach a common consensus for establishing a fruitful and effective UZP following the proposed recommendations of this study.
Keywords/Search Tags:Politicians, Bureaucrats, Team Effectiveness, Upazila Parishad, Transferred Departments, Member of the Parliament, Bangladesh
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