Font Size: a A A

Research On The Calcium Aluminate Long Afterglow Phosphorescent Material Fabricated From Combustion Synthesis

Posted on:2008-01-04Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:X R LiuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2121360242471410Subject:Materials Science and Engineering
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
CaAl2O4-based long afterglow phosphors were studied in this thesis.The luminescent brightness and time of the phosphors can be improved greatly by adjusting the concentrations of the activators in the proper range and the compositions of the host. Other factors that affected the luminescent properties of the long afterglow phosphors were also studied. The luminescent mechanism of the long afterglow phosphors was elementarily discussed.The experiments revealed that the luminescent brightness of the CaAl2O4:Eu2+,Nd3+ long afterglow phosphors greatly depended on the concentration of Eu2+ and Nd3+. When the content of Eu2+ was 2%, the luminescent properties was the best. When the raw materials doped with assistant activator of Nd3+, the luminescent brightness of phophors enhanced, and luminescent time also prolonged. When Nd3+/Eu2+ was 1:1 , the luminescent brightness was the best.The effect of flux, temperature and CH4N2O dosis on CaAl2O4:Eu2+,Nd3+ were discussed, and then the optimum combustion synthesis conditions were determined. The study found that when the content of H3PO3 was 15%, the temperature was 600℃,and the ratio of CH4N2O/NO3- was 2:1, the luminescent properties was the best. Through the XRD patterns, SEM map, fluorescence spectra of the samples, crystal structure, surface pattern and excitation﹑emission spectra were studied. The minute changes of matrix composition had some degree effects on the afterglow characteristic, through the experiments, the sample identified as Ca0.93Al2O4:Eu0.022+,Nd0.023+ had the best afterglow characteristic. With the change of"x", the crystal structure of CaxAl2O4:Eu0.022+,Nd0.023+ changed.With the reduction of"x", the impurities peak increased obviously, and the diffraction peak intensity of CaAl2O4 gradually weakened. There is no effect on fluorescence spectra.Phosphor luminescence properties can be improved by Sr. After entering the lattice, Sr2+ replaced the position of Ca2+, but doesn't form new phases. In addition, lattice parameter was increased because of the introduction of Sr2+ . The blue shift phenomenon were observed when Sr2+ increased.Synthetic reaction revealed that the luminescent properties of CaAl2O4: Eu2+,Nd3+ cannot be improved by Sm3+, but can be improved with codoped of Pr3+,Dy3+,Gd3+ and Nd3+. CaAl2O4:Eu2+,Nd3+,RE3+ still belonged to the monoclinic system, and there was no other phase occurred. The lattice parameter enlarged when the radius of RE3+ increased. The peaks of excitation and emission spectra were 334nm and 442nm, which corresponded to the transition between 4f7 and 4f65d1 of Eu2+.Activation theory of Eu2+ ion was studied: 5d orbit which exposed in the outer layer of Eu2+ was influenced strongly by crystalline field environment. So among long afterglow materials, different crystal structure leaded the different energy band splitting extent, thus emission peak changed. The luminescent mechanism of aluminate long afterglow materials were raised, which can explain excellently the contribution of different rare earth ions.
Keywords/Search Tags:purple long afterglow, combustion synthesis, activator, luinescence
PDF Full Text Request
Related items