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The Reasearch Of Mao Zedong's Socialist New Countryside Building Thought

Posted on:2009-12-05Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:J WangFull Text:PDF
GTID:2166360245979890Subject:Marxist theory and ideological and political education
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
With the full implementation of the new era's "building a new socialist countryside" strategic decision, the grand blueprint and the practice process of the "building a socialist new countryside" introduced by the Communist Party of China in the the 1950s has been a center again. The research of scholars from 1950s to 1960s, involves all the construction of new rural areas, but because of the research perspective, interests and the influence of various factors, the research isn't balanced. Most of them are on the exposition of rural building or farmers problem's particular aspect, the research of Mao Zeon's socialist new rural building mainly concentrated in Mao Zedong new rural building's specific policy measures, It's not comprehensive and systematic, and It's lack of thinking of Mao Zeon's new rural construction. These show that there is still great space to research Mao Zeon's socialist new countryside building thought, it is also very necessary. The series of creative thinking theory on " socialist new countryside" of the CPC's first-generation collective leadership with Mao Zedong as the core, such as Mao Zeon's theory on the farmer issue, the agriculture cooperation, agricultural modernization theory , agricultural modernization building theory and so on, is indeed the model of Marxism Theory and the actual conditions of China's link. These theories greatly enriched and developed Marxist theory on the farmers issue theory and have great practical significance to the current socialist new countryside construction.In 1950s and 1960s ,China's new rural building under the guidance of Mao Zedong Thought, from the objective and Programmed of socialist new countryside building to the agriculture cooperation, to "Great Leap Forward" movement and the movement of people's communes, set off the socialist new countryside building's upsurge with the class struggle as the key command ultimately. In this difficult and tortuous practical process, our party succeeded in changing the relations of production greatly and established the socialist system and stirred up the great enthusiasm of peasants to build a new socialist countryside. With the arduous pioneering, new rural construction has achieved fruitful results, the earth-shaking changes have taken place in the ancient rural on the basis of poverty: the development of large-scale infrastructure building , the promotion of agricultural technology and agricultural mechanization ,the building of rural grass-roots organizations, the majority of farmers in politics; modern spiritual civilization created a new rural style; rural social security system has been established initially. After the long and arduous exploration, the Communist Party of China formed a number of the correct theories on the building of a socialist new countryside, in the process of practice, because of some difficult conditions beyond the constraints of history, the new rural construction later become the "leftist" gradually, and didn't go but stop, but this can not deny the new rural building's great achievements made during this period completely. When we look back at this period of history, it should be recognized that the Communist Party of China faced the difficulties and the brave and indomitable spirit in the road of socialist construction, we also should learn from history to recognize the profound lessons and the basic experience: understanding the principles of scientific socialism objectively and rationally , grasping the ever-changing basic national conditions accurately, dealing with the complicated international situation correctly, building a new socialist countryside characteristically.
Keywords/Search Tags:Mao Zedong, Socialist new rural construction, Practice Experience
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