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Qijia Culture Cemetery Ramp Mogou Buried Is A Preliminary Study

Posted on:2011-08-25Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y Y ZhuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2205360305459540Subject:Archaeology and Museology
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The Mogou cemetery of the Qijia culture, as one of China's top ten archaeological discoveries in 2008, has attracted wide attention because of complex structure of tomb and repeated and joint burials. This paper conducts a comprehensive analysis of burials in vertical pit of the pit-and-cave tombs. We find that the phenomenon in vertical pit is complex because of the variety of human postures and locations. However, it associated with the process of burials. Through of analysis of the human postures, grave goods and other phenomena, all of tombs can be divided into two types:human sacrifices and human non-sacrifices, and the former are the majority. Some hypotheses have been proposed for the causes of two types. Then I negate or support some of them because of sufficient evidence. Two buried on the phenomenon of people making various assumptions, and empirical material through one of the validation or exclusion. This paper re-examine and denial of the concept about women were is sacrificial objects for men. Because even they seem as first burial, it is not necessary for women to die after the death of men, because the repeated burials can cause the same result. So it is not good reason for the death of women.This paper argues that the existence of human sacrifice in Mogou cemetery of the Qijia culture is not because of the concept of male superiority or rich burials; it may be related to the war. It means the conflict is exacerbated in the Qijia culture, and social development stage is more complex.
Keywords/Search Tags:human sacrifice, repeated burial, Mogou cemetery, the Qijia culture
PDF Full Text Request
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