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Institutional Design And Path Dependence: On The Origin Of The Integration Of SAARC Integration

Posted on:2017-01-22Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:M K WuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2206330503476267Subject:International relations
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The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC), founded in 1985, is an geopolitical organisation faciliatating economic, social, security cooperation in the region. Since its inception, lots of agreements, conventions and declarations have been made, yet very little solid implementations being carried out. SAARC has sponsored a large number of ancillary institutions as well, yet not many of them reach their designed function. The equal and overwhelming control power that the institution grants its` member states is the immediate cause of the rather slow pace, even stagnation in many cases, of SAARC Cooperation. With the granted control power, each SAARC member state can exclude any topic they deemed controversial, even potentially possible, before it is put on the table.The theory of rational design of international institution suggests that individual control increases with uncertainty about the state of the world. At the time of its founding, the SAARC states were traped in the vortex of national hostility, racial conflict and transborder armed insurgency. The situation of the time is highly uncertainty, thus determined the initial design of the institution..The path-dependence, braced by many attributes of the region, of the first design is then rooted. The Indian supremacy in the region`s physical structure combined with the complicated racial, religionary and ethnic structure of the region contribute to the uncertainty immensly. The ideational structure of the region is the decisive factor that the region gets its` shape. The influence of the security complex is pervasive, which impedes economic security cooperation in the region.
Keywords/Search Tags:SAARC rational design of international institution, security complex, path dependence
PDF Full Text Request
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