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After The Cold War Balance Of Power Diplomacy In The Asia-pacific Strategy

Posted on:2010-05-20Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Z TongFull Text:PDF
GTID:2206360278969475Subject:International relations
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
After the Cold War, the Asia-Pacific Strategy of U.S has changed deeply in contrast to that during Cold War. As the two-pole balance of power between US and USSR doesn't exist any more, US government needn't hold back the communism of Soviet Union but set up the balance of power in Asia-Pacific region under its control in order to prevent the rise of regional power and maintaining its hegemony status. Historically, a number of countries keen on the balance of power diplomacy to safeguard national interests. The United States, which is the only superpowers in the world at present, also has been a positive actor of the balance of power diplomacy. In the second half of the last century, US established the unconditional hegemonic power. Along with the various countries' comprehensive strength had already developed. Especially Japan, European Union and some other countries and organizations has developed quickly. Unconditional hegemonic power was challenged by which come from all quarters. Therefore, to a large extent, the Global strategy of US is to make regional balance of power under its hegemony leadership, in order to prevent the regional powers to challenge its hegemony. Because of the Asia-Pacific region's geopolitical significance and complex interest relationship, it becomes an important site where US implements its Power Balance Diplomacy. Entering in the 21st century, especially at George W. Bush's administration, America's intention of establishing its hegemony balance of power in Asia-Pacific region is obvious in particular.In the great nations' balance of power, the Asia-Pacific regional security mainly relies on the balance and interaction of the four countries which are China, US, Japan and Russia. But now, Russia is in the period of temporary decline, therefore, the Asia-Pacific balance of power which comes out of US Asia-Pacific Strategy, is mainly displayed in the triangle games which are among US, China and Japan. The military alliance between US and Japan is the basic point of triangle relationship, both countries manifests the goal to contain China's development through the union; But the US also must hold China, this biggest developing country, in order to develop the market for his capitalism, then to prevent Japan's excessive development from getting rid of his control; China and Japan also cooperate with each other in effort, not only for providing the condition to both countries economic development, but also to a certain extent, containing the inflation of the U.S' hegemony. China plays an extremely important role among this triangle relationship. So we should have our own choice and the diplomatic strategy which is suitable to our country's development, That is: base on the development of our country's comprehensive strength, taking the Flexible diplomatic strategy, advancing continually the cooperative partnership with various countries, strengthening the effort of multilateral diplomacy, and carrying out the balance of power diplomacy to a certain extent.This paper is divided into five chapters, and mainly on four aspects. Chapter 1 is Introduction. Chapter 2 mainly discussed the concept of balance of power and the Asia-Pacific region; Chapter 3 is an important part of this thesis. It is mainly in detail about the triangle relationship of the United States, China and Japan under the US' Asia-Pacific strategy in the new century. And making it as a carrier, it is also in-depth discussion of the specific measures of the United States which to deal with the relationship with China and Japan and with the principle of balance of power in his Asia-Pacific strategy, and analysis of the characteristics of the triangle relationship of US, China and Japan; Chapter 4 is about the influence of the U.S. Asia-Pacific balance of power strategy for the Asia-Pacific region, as well as the future of U.S. Asia-Pacific strategic balance of power; Chapter 5 summarized the strategic choice which we should make for China's development in this triangle relationship, in order to obtain a more favorable international environment and to offer advice and suggestions.
Keywords/Search Tags:Asian-Pacific Strategy, the United States, triangle relationships of China, U.S. and Japan, strategic choice
PDF Full Text Request
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