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Research Of Resilience And Psychological Stress And Posttraumatic Growth In Training For Recruits

Posted on:2013-07-14Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y MiaoFull Text:PDF
GTID:2246330374978538Subject:Applied Psychology
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Resilience is the ability that could effectively deal with and adapt well whenindividuals face loss, difficulty and adversity. Research shows that resilience can wellpredict individuals’ mental health level under stress. Resilience has become the hot spot ofpositive psychology research. Recruits are from different places around the country, andtheir education level and the personality is uneven, so what about the resilience of therecruits’ situation and characteristics? Which factors may impact recruits’ resilience?Whether recruits could better adapt to the daily life of the troops? These issues have lessresearch. Therefore, this study aimed to test Chinese recruits’ resilience characteristics andeffect factors; the relationships among recruits’ resilience, mental health and mental stress;the relationships among recruits’ mental health and posttraumatic growth and influencefactors in training period. Therefore, we can provide basis for resilience training ofpromoting recruit’s resilience.Methods:①Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), Self-report Symptom Checklist90(SCL-90), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and General Self-efficacy Scale(GSES) were applied to2459recruits in order to explore the characteristic and itsinfluencing factors of resilience in Chinese recruits.②Connor-Davidson ResilienceQuestionnaire (CD-RISC), Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), Psychological StressSelf-evaluation Test (PSET), Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), Positive and NegativeAffect Scale (PANAS) were applied to650recruits in order to investigate mutualprediction of resilience between mental health and psychological stress.③Connor-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire (CD-RISC), Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI),Emotion Regulation Scale (ERS), Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), EmotionRegulation Questionnaire (ERQ) were applied to137cadets to explore the posttraumaticgrowth and influencing factors of cadets in training. All data are analyzed by SPSS17.0,Excel, AMOS7.0statistical software. The main methods are correlation analysis, t test,variance analysis, regression analysis, Cross-lagged regression analysis and the path model fitting construction.The main findings were as follows:1. Chinese recruits had good resilience. Resilience had significant positive correlationwith extraversion, abreaction adjustment and self-efficacy, and negative correlation withneuroticism and inhibition adjustment. Emotion regulation (abreaction adjustment/inhibition adjustment), extraversion, neuroticism and self-efficacy were importantinfluencing factors of resilience for Chinese recruits. Multiple linear regression analysisrevealed that extraversion, neuroticism, abreaction adjustment/inhibition adjustment andself-efficacy had predictive ability to resilience (explaining41%of resilience).2. Correlation analysis showed that the same premise of phase correlation, resilience(pre-test) could significantly predict mental health (post-test)(β=0.070, p <0.05), butmental health (pre-test) could not predict resilience (post-test)(β=0.015, p>0.05).Resilience (pre-test) could significantly predict psychological stress (post-test)(β=0.075, p<0.05), but psychological stress (pre-test) could not predict resilience (post-test)(β=0.017,p>0.05). Compared with high resilience group, low-resilience group of recruits had highertotal score of SCL-90and psychological stress and less positive emotion, more negativeemotion and lower life satisfaction. Resilience of recruits had predictive ability to mentalhealth and psychological stress during training. This had significance guiding forpsychological selection of recruits.3. Posttraumatic Growth of cadets had significant positive relation with resilience (r=0.611, p <0.01), inhibition adjustment (r=0.309, p <0.01), abreaction adjustment (r=0.333, p <0.01), positive emotion (r=0.588, p <0.01) and cognitive reappraisal (r=0.372,p <0.01), and had negative relation with negative emotion(r=-0.204,p<0.05). Comparedwith the lower posttraumatic growth group, the higher posttraumatic growth group scoredsignificantly higher in resilience, abreaction adjustment/inhibition adjustment, positiveemotion and cognitive reappraisal. Resilience, inhibition adjustment, positive emotion andcognitive reappraisal had predictive ability to posttraumatic growth (explain53%).Resilience, inhibition adjustment, positive emotion and cognitive reappraisal directlyinfluenced on posttraumatic growth, and positive emotion indirectly influenced onposttraumatic growth by resilience. In conclusion, this study showed that:1. Chinese recruits had good resilience. Emotion Regulation(abreaction adjustment/inhibition adjustment),extraversion, neuroticism and self-efficacy were importantinfluencing factors on resilience for Chinese recruits.2. Resilience of recruits had predictive ability to mental health, psychological stressduring training.3. Resilience, abreaction adjustment/inhibition adjustment, positive/negative emotionwere closely related with posttraumatic growth; Resilience, inhibition adjustment, positiveemotion and cognitive reappraisal were important influencing factors of posttraumaticgrowth.
Keywords/Search Tags:Recruits, Resilience, Training, Psychological Stress, Posttraumatic Growth
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