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International Legal Mechanisms Of Forest Carbon Sink And Its Enforcement In China

Posted on:2014-01-29Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y X LiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2246330395493229Subject:International law
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Last century led to the emergence of global warming due to carbon dioxide emissions,leading to abnormal changes in the global climate, a serious impact on the survival anddevelopment of the human response to climate change to reduce the concentration of carbondioxide has become a common problem faced in the world.Forests absorb and store carbondioxide, to reduce the ecological service function of the atmospheric concentration ofgreenhouse gases, has a unique advantage in the mitigation of climate change, the role of theforest maintenance of ecological balance is valued by more and more countries. In view ofthis, the appeal of the United Nations, composed of all Member States of the United NationsFramework Convention of Climate Change Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee draftedand adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Put forwardthe concept of carbon sinks in the convention, to put forward new ideas for the world toreduce carbon dioxide. Followed by the Parties to the United Nations Framework Conventionon Climate Change, adopted in Tokyo on the Kyoto Protocol, in which the proposedreforestation and recycling old growth forest carbon sequestration projects under the CleanDevelopment Mechanism. Requires developed countries to developing countries through thepurchase of carbon emissions in order to complete the task of reducing their own emissions,forest carbon sinks as Annex1countries emission reduction one way. Forest carbon sinks inthe international climate conference proposed not only a more efficient way to globalemission reduction, but also for the international forest carbon sequestration projects incooperation between developed and developing countries to provide the international market.Based on carbon emissions, global statistics show that China has become the world’slargest national carbon emissions. China as a developing country, one face of a commoncommitment to the requirements of the emission reduction obligations of developed countrieswill face pressure to reduce emissions will be even greater. Reduction approach proposedforest carbon sinks in the global climate conference of forest carbon sequestration projects inits domestic and international legal systems. This new way of international emission reduction,not only able to largely reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, but also to facilitate the integration of developing countries and developed countries to establisheconomic cooperation, promote the formation and improvement of the international forestcarbon sinks market, and ultimatelyto achieve the dual benefits of economic development andthe improvement of ecological environment. China is also to speed up the construction offorest carbon sequestration projects to develop the legal system of forest carbon sinks, butbecause of China’s forest carbon sequestration projects in its infancy, the legal system in theabsence of effective forest carbon sequestration projects mustour the forest legal system beperfect.In this paper, Based on the background of forest carbon sequestration projects, on thebasis of the review of the theoretical research status, purpose and significance, Take theempirical analysis, systems analysis, comparative analysis, as well as a combination ofdeductive and inductive research methods, the establishment of the legal system of China’sforest carbon sinks analysis system from three aspects:First, the use of the ecology,economics and legal theory to analyze the properties of the forest carbon sinks, to seektheoretical basis for the establishment of the legal system of forest carbon sinks, thesignificance of research from the level of theory and practice of forest carbon, forest carbonsinks legal system. Second, the system analyzes the course of development of theinternational legal mechanism for forest carbon sinks, forest carbon sequestration andemission reduction system combing through the international climate agreement, the trends inthe international legal system. Finally, carry out the investigation of the situation of China’scurrent forest carbon sequestration projects, summarized the problems of the legal system offorest carbon sinks, to put forward their own proposals to perfect the legal system of China’sforest carbon sinks.Through research and analysis, draw basic conclusions: the the internationalcommunity more and more attention to the role of forest carbon sinks in reducing greenhousegases in the atmosphere, countries are seeking to complete their task of reducing emissionsthrough forest carbon sinks. China is also promoting the launching of the forest carbonsequestration projects, and gradually improve the relevant legal framework. Forest carbonsequestration projects with international overtones, is a model of international cooperation under the influence of global economy and global integration of development is particularlyimportant for the study of the international legal regime for forest carbon sinks.Only familiarwith the international legal regime for forest carbon sinks to be able to establish and perfectthe system of forest carbon sequestration projects in the draw, the fight for the right to speakin the international climate negotiations, through the coordinated development of forestcarbon sequestration projects in China’s ecology and economy.
Keywords/Search Tags:International legal regime, Clean Development Mechanism, Forest carbonsinks
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