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Fabrication, Structure And Electrical Property Of Ca0.5Re0.5MnO3/BaTiO3Perovskites

Posted on:2013-12-28Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:J L LiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2251330392468188Subject:Inorganic Chemistry
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
The ceramic conductive composite powder with specific morphology wasfabricated to enhance the combination property of conductive adhesive and to achievethe application in the realm of electronic packaging. In this thesis, the fabricationtechnique of the Ca0.5Re0.5MnO3/BaTiO3composite powders with core-shell structurewas investigated preliminarily based on the preparation of Ca0.5Re0.5MnO3perovskitepowders by Sol-gel auto-combustion method and the synthesis of BaTiO3byhydro-thermal route.The electrical properties, strucucture, and morphology of Ca0.5Re0.5MnO3powderswere investigated. With the progress of rare earth element, the resistivity ofCa0.5Re0.5MnO3(Re=La,Pr,Sm,Gd, and Er) powders at room temperature wasdemonstrated the apparente W type fluctuation. However, with the increase incalcination temperature, the resistivity was manifested the V type tendency evidently.The lowest resistivity point of5.78Ω m was obtained by calcining the Ca0.5Pr0.5MnO3precursor at1100centigrade. However, the saddle point of bivariate functionalrelationship was the resistivity of Ca0.5Sm0.5MnO3powder calcined by900centigrade,which is the maximum point of element type function and the minimum point ofcalcination temperature function. The resistivity analysis with variable temperatures ofCa0.5Re0.5MnO3powders indicates that the feature of ρ-T response and conductivemechanism were mostly affected by the element type. The Ca0.5La0.5MnO3andCa0.5Er0.5MnO3powder were in accordance with the Thermal Active model, and theCa0.5Sm0.5MnO3powder were in accordance with the Small Polaron Hopping model inthe high temperature. The saddle point of resistivity function of Ca0.5Sm0.5MnO3powdergained the maximum activation energy for conduction. The XRD and SEM analysesillustrate that there was the corresponding relation between the function of element typeand calcination temperature to resistivity and the function of cell parameters toresisitivity. Additionally, the element type influenced the geometrical shape, particlesize, and aggregation state of the modified powders distinctly. However, the enhancedcalcination temperature promoted the growth of crystallite and the evolution ofspherical morphology.The first principle studies based on the density functional theory and plane wavepseudo-potential method illuminate that the single point energy of CaMnO3was -11874.743eV and the width of band gap was0.6eV. The doping method of replacingthe two distant Ca atoms with La, L1type Ca0.5La0.5MnO3, impacted the crystalstructure markedly. The the single point energy of L1type Ca0.5La0.5MnO3increased to-11599.656eV, however, the width of band gap decreased to0.4eV. But the dopingmethod of replacing the two undistant Ca atoms with La, L2type Ca0.5La0.5MnO3,influenced the crystal structure slightly. The single point energy of L2typeCa0.5La0.5MnO3decreased to-11599.815eV, and the width of band gap decreased to0.37eV. The simulation analysis indicats the L2type Ca0.5La0.5MnO3was more agreedwith experimental facts. More over, the charge density calculation shows that the bondsbetween La3+and other ion in the doping system were transformed distinctly to thecovalent bonds. And the density of states analysis indicats that the band structure nearfermi level was formed by3d electron of Mn, and the decrease in band gap width wascaused by the generation of additional level at the bottom of conduction band.The BaTiO3nanofiber was facbricated by preserve the morphology of onedimensional titanate and process under the hydrothermal condition with lowconcentration of mineralizer. Promoting the concentration of mineralizer led to thetransition of BaTiO3crystal structure from cubic to tetragonal phase, and the evolutionof nanofiber to spherical morphology. Increasing the hydrothermal temperature andconcentration of mineralizer resulted in the transition of BaTiO3crystal structure fromcubic to tetragonal phase, and promoted the growth of grain, when using TiO2powderas Ti source precursor. When utilizing tetrabutyl titanate as Ti source precursor, theenhancement of mineralizer concentration affected the crystal structure slightly,however, promoted the minimize of grain size and the evolution of BaTiO3particles touniformly dispersed spherical morphology. Integrating the hydrothermal synthesis withthe solvent evaporation induced self-assembly, the Ca0.5Re0.5MnO3/BaTiO3compositepowder with core-shell structure was fabricated preliminarily. After coating, themorphology stated the same, and the particle size has been increased.
Keywords/Search Tags:calcium manganate, barium titanate, hydrothermal synthesis, first principles, electrical properties
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