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Match Supply And Consumption Structure Of Basic Public Services

Posted on:2015-01-24Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y P ShiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2266330422967849Subject:Western economics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Along with the rapid development of society and economy, the scale of publicservice demand has showed a rapid growth trend, and the demand structure tends to bediversified, too. However, the evaluation of public service is not high as a whole. Anumber of basic public services are present supply vacancy, dislocation and regionalunbalanced development and other problems, such as basic education, social security,health care, environmental protection, etc. Part of public finances’ basic functions issupply of basic public services effectively. However, it has been expanding in spending,while spending decisions and performance of input-output was inactive. The primary taskof comprehensively improve the people’s living standards is to achieve equalization ofbasic public services in general in2020, reported in the Eighteenth National Congress ofthe Communist Party of China. Therefore, a reasonable definition of the scope of basicpublic services, and the effective supply of public goods which are needed for theresidents, thus contributing to the equalization of basic public services to achieve, hasbecome one of the major issues of economic and social transformation.This paper is focused on the difference of preferences of resident, researchingeffective supply of basic public services. In order to improve the matching efficiency ofsupply and demand structure, and promote the equalization of basic public services. First,based on the review and basic theoretical knowledge, establish a thought of"three-dimensional equalization", and combined with "frontier, ethnic ity, poverty, and themountains" geographic features,"three-dimensional, vertical" climatic characteristics anduneven economic development of the special situation in the province of Yunnan todetermine the scope of basic public services. Secondly, construct a nd screening60validindicators to evaluate the level of basic public services of129counties in YunnanProvince, and based on the Tobit model to explain the reasons for them. Finally, dividedthe supply of public service into two links of "production" a nd "supply", and givingpriority to efficiency principle, and use CGE model to measure the production performance. To satisfy the principle of effective demand of residents, using SEM modelto analysis the impact of the financial allocation decisions, the input-output performanceand the level of public services to the public satisfaction, digging out the main issues ofthe imbalance structural between supply and demand, and propose the key aspects andprograms.Through the analysis, I get the follow conclusions. Firstly, the equalization offinancial level or output level is not the ultimate goal. Matching supply and demand is theessence of the public service. Secondly, the scope of basic public services is not nationalunity, and it should be adapted to local conditions, providing the urgent need of localresidents. Third, the development of basic public services is generally low in Yunnan, andthe geographical gap is large. The explanatory power of financial and economic is strong,so the supply model of top-down needs to change urgently. Finally, the model of SEMproved that the structural of basic public services’ demand and supply is imbalance,mainly expression in the aspect of irrational of the allocation decision of Public financialresource. Thus, we need to build participatory budget, in order to improve the democracyof budget. Meanwhile, the scale efficiency of the basic public services is generally low.The supply and demand preference asymmetry, the different of resident satisfaction withthe government’s public service supply is obviously.Because of the content of equalization of basic public services is complex, coupledwith the limited data resource and my limited research capacity, there are still a lot ofdefects and regret in this paper. For example, I only put forward the "bottom-up" mode ofbasic public services, but how to create a mechanism for residents to express demand,reflecting lower cost, how to increase public participation, and so on. In addition, theindex system of this article is only based on available and feasible, and lack of practicalexperience. These questions are the direction and space of follow-up study. I will continueto make efforts to research it.
Keywords/Search Tags:equalization, differences in demand, matching demand and supply, SEM model
PDF Full Text Request
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