Font Size: a A A

Research On The Influences Of School-age Population In The Newly-established Undergraduate Colleges

Posted on:2014-08-21Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:M F HuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2267330425476862Subject:Higher Education
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
With the change of the age structure of Chinese population, the tertiary educationschool-age population has been decreasing since2008, which intensified the competition forstudents among higher learning institution. It has a high impact on most newly-establishedundergraduate colleges since these colleges are lack of education resources and features aswell as weak in school running strength. The newly-established undergraduate collegesundertake the important task to popularize higher education and serve local economy, itssmooth transition is not only related to its own development but also important for thepromotion and diversify of higher education popularization in China. This article studies theimpact on newly-built undergraduate colleges due to the decrease of school-age populationfrom the following four aspects:Firstly, to study the change of age structure of population in China as well as Hunanand S city based on the national population statistics to prove that the tertiary educationschool-age population has been decreasing. According to the development history ofnewly-established undergraduate colleges, the decrease of school-age population can affectits enrollment scale, school funds, education resources, adjustment of major structure,strategy making and ect.Secondly, with the reference of documents, we recognized in the times of theshrinking of American and Japanese teenagers of the right age, the organization of highereducation adopted the approaches of enlarging the areas where the students come from,reforming teaching methods, making management systems flexible and putting a stress ondevelopment of features to deal with the sharp reduction of overall students.We also tookmeasures on our own initiative, such as enlarging enrolling proportion, enforcing theadvertisements, paying attention to the cooperation between schools and enterprises,fitting inthe demands of the market, and so on.Thirdly, through the data analysis of the variation the situations of enrolling newstudents, the setting and adjustment of majors, and the variation of level of income in thenewly-established college mentioned above (the case college) ever since2008,we came torealization that the situations of enrolling new students in majors not tightly linked to the regional economic development and demands of the market are not so good, hence having animpact on the setting of the structure of majors. In addition, the enrollment of adults hasrelatively big sufferings due to the reduction of population of the right age, so the scale ofenrollment appears to shrink gradually.Lastly, we became aware through a further interview with the leaders of the collegementioned above that in the times of poaching of students, they rationally orientatedthemselves in running the college, docking regional industry chains, optimizing structure ofmajors, and setting diversified modes of talents cultivation. They scrupulously deployedstrategies of enrolling new students and advertising, which boosted their competition inpoaching of students to a certain extent and served as references for other colleges of thesame kind in their development.
Keywords/Search Tags:tertiary education school-age population, newly-established undergraduatecolleges, structure of majors, influence
PDF Full Text Request
Related items