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Pursuing The Political Integration ——A Study On The Fouchet Plan (1958-1963)

Posted on:2016-02-10Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:R LvFull Text:PDF
GTID:2296330461475712Subject:World History
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
The Fouchet Plan is a plan aimed at the political integration of Western Europe, which was proposed by Charles de Gaulle and involving the six countries of the European Economic Community. Its origin can be traced back to the year of 1958, when de Gaulle seized the power for the second time. Until the 17th April in 1962, the break of Fouchet Negotiations announced the final failure of the plan. Both in the progress of economic integration and the progress of political integration, the period of time taken by the Fouchet Plan weighs little, while this political cooperation plan has much influence on the trend of european politics, its effect even surpasses the era and lasts up to now. The research and rethinking about Fouchet Plan contributes to clarify the history of French politics during the second half of the 20th century, especially to make clear the change of French diplomatic policy, as well as to the research of european political integration.This dissertation includes three main parts, namely the introduction, three chapters of main body and the conclusion.The introduction talks about the academic significance and the research target of this subject, the relevant academic research in the past, and the specialty and structure of materials in this dissertation. In order to make an effective use of those existing research fruits, and combine the "old" with the new materials, this part not only indicates the academic value of the Fouchet Plan research, but also gives a comprehensive sight into the research in the past. That’s essential to get rid of the stale and bring forth the fresh, so as to extend the research value of this dissertation.Chapter one focuses on the origin of the Fouchet Plan. It gives a broad introduction of the domestic and abroad situation faced with France, than deduces de Gaulle’s initiatives about the political cooperation. What this part stresses is that, with the influence of different kinds of factors, the political cooperation plan is in fact a result of the subjective demand and objective conditions, from both the French side and the side of the other five countries. So, the plan is a political appeal on tip of their tongue. De Gaulle’s initiative offered the chance and pushed the idea of political cooperation move forward.In chapter two, the Fouchet Plan comes into being, and the process is presented by the birth of the controversial First Fouchet Plan. Those initial steps moved forward through the establishment of special institutions and the draft of plan text, on the basis of the agreement of all the six members. The First Fouchet Plan is a crucial periodical result of the negotiations between the Six, as well as the first outburst of the contradictions among the Six. This text is the foundation of the continuing negotiations, and the controversies on main problems last until the end of Fouchet Negotiations.The main content of the third chapter is the Second Fouchet Plan and the break of the negotiations. De Gaulle’s modification of the whole First Fouchet Plan confused the entire world. This "rebelling" action surprised all the representatives of the six governments, and it also brought them tough difficulties. Although de Gaulle intended once to make a concession, he put an end to his own political cooperation initiative ultimately. This part gives lights to the Franco-german relationship again, that’s because the end of Fouchet Plan can be interpreted as the start of Franco-german bilateral cooperation.The part of conclusion summarizes the reasons of the failure of this plan, especially from the angle of France. Then it brings the Fouchet Plan into a much broader horizon and a much longer period of time to measure its profound historical influence. Eventually, the Fouchet Plan can be definite as a plan "failed for the moment, but not forever."...
Keywords/Search Tags:Fouchet Plan, De Gaulle, the European Economic Community, Adenauer, the political integration
PDF Full Text Request
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