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A Study On The Interpretation And Dissemination Of The Spirit Of National Heroes During The Anti-Japanese War(1931-1945)

Posted on:2021-01-29Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:F Y QiuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2416330611461149Subject:China's modern history
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
During the Anti-Japanese War,the memory of national heroes,as a kind of ideological resource,its spiritual connotation was paid attention to,excavated and interpreted by all parties,and was used to condense the national spirit and mobilize the Anti-Japanese War.The memory of national heroes is a resource that can be utilized by the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and all sectors of society.The decisive factor is the spiritual connotation contained in it,which has become the spiritual motive force for people to serve political propaganda and the war of resistance against Japan and the founding of the country during this period.The spiritual connotation of the memory of national heroes in this period includes the spirit of loyalty and courage,patriotism,unity and struggle,sacrifice and dedication.These spiritual connotations have been continuously interpreted by political parties and society,and gradually formed a spiritual concept in line with the current situation of the Anti-Japanese War.The spiritual quality contained in the national hero memory becomes a spiritual symbol,which is instilled by the ruling party from the top to bottom,and even used to mold the nationalhero image of party leaders and discipline the national consciousness.The government and society fully explored the spiritual resources of national heroes,and through repeated sorting out and adding and revising the historical records of national heroes,a new memory of national heroes was finally formed to serve the Anti-Japanese War.Of course,the patriotism of loyalty and courage,the spirit of unity and struggle and the spirit of sacrifice and dedication all stem from the shaping of national hero memory to varying degrees.During this period,military and political circles,intellectual circles,educational circles,literary and art circles,publishing circles and ordinary people realized the dialogue between the state and society by interpreting the spiritual qualities of national heroes,thus forming a benign interaction between political propaganda and social response.They called for the emergence of a large number of realistic anti-Japanese heroes and at the same time mobilized all sectors of society to actively support the anti-Japanese war.As far as the form of spreading the national heroic spirit is concerned,the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and all sectors of society use texts,words,images,ceremonies and spaces to interpret the spiritual quality and cultivate the nationalconsciousness of the people.However,the enemy-occupied areas deliberately misinterpreted the spiritual connotation and constructed anti-war thoughts,which hindered the anti-war trend to a certain extent.The gradual improvement of the national anti-war ideology overcame anti-war doctrine and became the spiritual foreshadowing of the Chinese nation's anti-war effort.The interpretation and dissemination of the spiritual connotation of national hero memory in this period also had certain social effects.This paper is not limited to understanding national heroes,including some ancient emperors and generals,but to understanding this concept from a broader perspective,which includes not only national heroes in the history of China and foreign countries,but also the Anti-Japanese war heroes,including not only historical figures,but also those ordinary people who are praised as national heroes.Thus,the spiritual connotation displayed in the writing of national memory is observed from a macro perspective.
Keywords/Search Tags:during the Anti-Japanese War, national hero, spiritual quality, image, memory
PDF Full Text Request
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