After the new curriculum is marked out,the education community is studying more and more about independent learning.The research on the theory of independent learning and the joint subjects of various subjects emerges endlessly.Among them,the study of mathematics disciplines and autonomous learning are combined,and more are biased towards theory.This paper takes the Shishipu Middle School in Suide County as an example for investigation and research,analyzes the investigation results from the perspective of psychology,and explores the psychological methods to improve the self-learning ability of rural middle school students in mathematics,so as to improve the self-learning ability of rural middle school students.This thesis consists of five chapters.The first chapter through literature analysis summarizes the research status of independent learning at home and abroad,and puts forward the significance and value of this research.The second chapter clarifies the concept of independent learning through the literature method and expounds the related concepts of psychology,as the fundamental idea of this study,to determine the independent study of this paper are as follows: under the guidance of the teachers,the students spontaneously and consciously formulate mathematics learning objectives,formulate plans and implement them steadily,monitor,reflect and evaluate the mathematics learning process and results,and then optimize the process of learning mathematics to improve the performance of mathematics.The third chapter studies the psychological mechanism of students’ independent learning from the perspective of psychology.According to the several links that knowledge enters the brain,the psychological development mechanism of independent learning is divided into four mechanisms: stimulation,internalization,consolidation and application.The fourth chapter shows that middle school students have the following problems in their studies: In terms of interest motivation,about 50% of students are not motivated to learn or use external motivation to learn;As for learning strategies,nearly half of the students have never made a learning plan.In terms of self-monitoring and reflection,more than half of the students in the survey did not check the questions,and the mistakes were not corrected.Most of the students did not monitor themselves in behavior and did not introspect.The author analyzes these issues from a psychological perspective in order to try to give a feasible suggestion.The fifth chapter tries to put forward the strategies to promote the rural junior high school students’ autonomous learning: to realize self-cognition from the aspects of their own level,learning process and problem-solving process;Set an example of proximity,positive expectations,and create a harmonious environment.The objectives of this thesis is to give some inspiration to rural teachers,pay attention to students’ psychology,and put self-study into practice in teaching,so that the majority of students can insist on self-study and improving their self-learning ability. |