As an important part of students’ physics ability,physical problem solving ability plays an important role in high school physics learning.In addition,in the college entrance examination,the ability to solve physical problems is one of the key points of the examination.However,in the context of exam-oriented education,teachers ignore the development of students’ key abilities,and students’ problem-solving ability is insufficient,making it difficult to solve practical problems in life.Nowadays,the core literacy of physics has begun to focus on cultivating students’ key abilities.The ability to solve physical problems is conducive to divergent students’ thinking and improve their ability to understand and solve problems.In recent years,researchers have begun to explore how to improve students’ ability to solve physical problems in physics teaching.Therefore,this study introduces primitive physics problems to explore the effect of primitive physics problem teaching on the cultivation of students’ ability to solve physical problems.The main work of this study is to first analyze the original physical problems and the ability to solve physical problems.defines the concepts of original physical problems,and establishes a structural framework for students’ ability to solve physical problems based on cognitive development theory,constructivist learning theory and self-organizing characterization theory.Then analyze the relationship between original physical problems and physical problem solving ability,and show that introducing primitive physical problems in teaching can cultivate students’ problem-solving ability.Thirdly,according to the relationship established between the process of solving the original physical problem and the ability to solve the physical problem,the original physical problem is introduced in the teaching design,and the relevant practical teaching is carried out.After the teaching is completed,the design test paper to detect the cultivation of students’ physical problem solving ability,and analyze it.Through analysis,It is concluded that introducing original physical problems in teaching is helpful to students’ ability to solve physical problems.Finally,according to the research results,corresponding teaching suggestions are put forward:1.Build a bridge between theory and practice to enrich students’ life experience;2.Set exercises for different problem situations according to students’ cognitive differences;3.The original physical problems introduce diversified forms to enrich the intuitive experience of students;4.Teachers adopt diversified strategies and actively mobilize students’ pre-concepts;5.Set up a problem chain to cultivate students’ problem characterization ability;6.The design of after-class exercises is diversified to cultivate students’ ability to solve problems. |