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Application Of Modified Porous Carbon In Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Posted on:2017-07-29Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:J LiuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2321330509459958Subject:Materials science
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In recent years, the application of lithium-ion batteries?LIBs? has been evolving from mobile electronics to large-scale energy storage and electric vehicles. However, the traditional LIBs have almost approached their theoretical energy densities and cannot meet the increasing demand. Advanced rechargeable batteries with higher energy-density and lower cost are in urgent need. Lithium-sulfur battery has been widely believed as one of the most promising successor of LIBs due to its high theoretical energy density of 2600 Wh kg-1, the low price and nontoxicity of raw materials. However, the ultralow electrical conductivity of sulfur, high volume expansion rate?80%? when sulfur transforms to Li2S during discharging, and diffusion of the soluble long-chain polysulfides?Sn2-, 3?n?8? intermediates in electrolyte, lead to low sulfur utilization and short lifespan of lithium-sulfur battery, which makes it beyond commercial application.In this paper, two research work was carried out aiming at addressing the main problems of lithium-sulfur:?1?polysulfides(Sn2-, 4?n?8) intermediates tend to diffuse into electrolyte from the pores of carbon matrix, which lead to a poor cycle performance. To address the problem,we design a novel KB@C structure with rich hollows inside. The synthesis is easy and low-cost. The KB@C structure achieves a largely improved capacity retention ratio of 81.55% over 200 cycles, while only 37.37% for the original KB.?2? SnO2 powder shows remarkable adorability for polysulfides?Sn2-, 4?n?8? intermediates in our experiment. To make the best use of SnO2, a composite structure of porous carbon and SnO2?HPC@SnO2? was synthesized, which was applied as cathode additive or modifier for separator?or called “interlayer”?, respectively. It shows that SnO2 can works as a higher-efficiency polysulfide adsorbent in interlayer than in cathode,with a capacity decay rate of 0.19% and 1.09%, respectively.
Keywords/Search Tags:lithium-sulfur batteries, porous carbon, SnO2, adsorbent, interlayer
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