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Hegemonic Politics In The International Monetary Fund

Posted on:2013-10-25Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y L DongFull Text:PDF
GTID:1106330434971234Subject:International politics
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Since the IMF was established in World War Ⅱ, on the one hand, the macro pattern of international political and economic influence due to the large country’s political and economic changes have been incidents had dramatically changed, on the other hand, the IMF itself also changes in the international political and economic pattern began many of its changes. The various changes in the IMF is to reflect the international political and economic landscape changes in the microscopic organization of the body of a reproduction. The IMF’s internal evolution of the process are reflected in the pattern of development of the contemporary international political and economic context, a microcosm of the international political and economic development after World War II. So, yes, the big countries in the pattern of international political and economic development stage of the process characteristics are reflected in the IMF’s organizational change. The early postwar period was the establishment of Anglo-American major powers in the field of international economic and financial leadership of the dispute, or enter the relative weakening of the1970s, the United States, the country’s economic dominance, from the1970s and1980s the field of international economic chaos state have been vividly reflected. Through the study on the phase characteristics of the great powers can more clearly see the big country in the international political and economic landscape in the process of political, because some of the weaknesses of the economic globalization is implicit in the throes of all reflected to the organizational activities of the IMF, some degree of economic globalization and the organization of great power politics and the international community to each other, mutually promote the historical process of the interactive relationship between the two, showing a interacts.Great power politics has been one of the most important aspect of international politics, not only the dominant political and military-political issues almost Gansu off a low economic and cultural and social and political issues. Since the1970s, with the rise of the global high-tech revolution, the productivity of the world economy a huge change and development in Western countries "capitalism" from the "state monopoly" level to the "international monopoly" the level of upward continuation1development, the United States and Britain and other countries for the implementation of the global integration of the theoretical system composition. World War II, the establishment of the U.S. world hegemony is based both on top of the political hegemony and economic hegemony, and economic hegemony established one of the pillars from the stronger U.S. dollar, the status of the establishment and the Bretton Woods system and the system of Jamaica as the leading hegemonic system finally established, which the United States to dominate or even dominate the world provides a solid monetary and financial hegemony basis. However, after2007, swept across the worldwide financial crisis, resulting in a strong position of the U.S. financial hegemony is loose? The United States-led international financial organizations such as the IMF will gradually decline as well as other great powers is inevitable to compete for dominance in the international financial organizations and the United States? Therefore, the U.S. hegemony mostly from strategic and other major powers in the competition in the international financial organizations to interact will become the U.S. hegemonic system of vibration and powers of protection an important factor, while the IMF United States and other large country is a must compete for the important financial powers of the organization.China’s participation in the IMF projects will also contribute to the upgrading of China’s international role. China’s foreign policy is also more emphasis on the role of multilateralism in the global IMF is undoubtedly a good arena to practice multilateralism strategy. Response to the IMF’s policy coordination and mechanisms for future participation on the global and regional affairs to accumulate more experience, to explore suitable for China, able to take the State for the path from this sense, the construction is undoubtedly the IMF for this strategy is an effective verification of the reality, to achieve a reasonable combination of reality, history and global considerations.This article by combing the results of theoretical studies of Chinese and Western mainstream academia, so I found So far, the U.S. financial hegemony in the IMF or the Asian financial crisis in1997and the U.S. financial crisis in2008or2009of the European sovereign debt crisisor2011, the U.S. debt and European debt crisis is mostly economic and financial scholars, academic monographs or journal papers. China and the Western mainstream international political and academic circles are basically involved in the research to the U.S. financial hegemony or a specific financial crisis will give them more attention, they rarely a specialized organization, or specialized problem specialized study of theory, that these two major problems did not become the academic focus of Chinese and Western mainstream international politics related concern, therefore, as the discipline of international political, economic and financial phenomena into the perspective of international political economy, it bounden duty to the international financial issues as a focus on the responsibility of the object, the IMF is an excellent material in the issues of international finance research focus.
Keywords/Search Tags:International Monetary Fund, the Bretton Woods system, the financial crisis, international political and economic
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