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Power And Its Empirical Study Of Urban Housing Prices

Posted on:2004-09-26Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:X M CuiFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360122470680Subject:Business management
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
China's house market has experienced great changes since its cancellation of the welfare housing policy in 1998, with an overall increase in urban house investment, house sales, as well as house price of which, in some cities, the accelerating speed amounts to 20 per cent annually. The changes have received enough attention from the government, enterprises, professionals and specialists, and mass media. Unfortunately, however, recent studies on the country's house market and house price have confined themselves to general qualitative analysis. The lack of quantitative analysis and empirical study, and the resulting absence of reliable analyzing tools and modeling simulation have made it hardly possible for people to know clearly what factors house price is sensitive to and how these factors influence house price. Even worse, as a result of such theoretical deficiency, decision making becomes rather difficult in departments concerned and real estate developing companies due to unavailability of effective scientific grounds and technical support. At the same time, effective instructions are not available to investors in the market. All these have brought negative effects on the healthy and sustainable development of the nation's house industry, and therefore have pressed an urgent need for the establishment of an urban house price model which helps to analyze house investment and house policies based on a comprehensive study of the relations between house demand and house supply. The dissertation presented is just one of the attempts to establish such a model as well as to solve the above problems. Targeting urban house price, it tries to find out the main influential and dynamical factors on house price. It also adopts empirical approaches so as to explore the inherent mechanism of house price. By doing this, an effective house price model may be developed and the departments concerned, the real estate companies, banks, and consumers may find it helpful as one of the analyzing approaches and tools in their regulation and control, business management, management of credit, and investment decisions respectively.To achieve its goal, two major efforts have been made in the dissertation: a careful study of related overseas documents and an empirical analysis of the house price. The first one involves the following steps: first, inference of the main dynamical factors which influence house price from both the theoretical and empirical angles; second, analysis of the results of the empirical study on the house price model; and third, presentation of the six major dynamical factors, namely, income, interest rate, credit reliability, tax structure, house supply and population structure. Other findings include: a remarkable positive relation between financing level and house price changes in the house market, and also, house price's different reactions towards family income changes under different financing conditions.Based on the above theoretical study, the second effort, that is, an empirical analysis of the dynamical factors influencing China's urban house price, has been made, taking into consideration the impacts of house demand, house supply, and other social and economic factors. It includes the following five aspects:(1) Analysis of the dynamical factors affecting urban house price level. Attempts have been made to establish a house price model and to study empirically the urban house price with such illustrative variables as urban non-agricultural population, GNP, per capita disposable income, floorage of commercial house sold, per capita house coverage, and Engle coefficient. Statistics used are those of 30 big and medium-sized cities of the country from 1998 to 2000 and of 8 cities of Zhejiang province in the same period, and models are established accordingly. Results of the empirical study indicate that two factors, i.e., urban non-agricultural population and per capita disposable income, exercise significant influence over urban house price, which is identical to the overseas analytical fin...
Keywords/Search Tags:house price, house cost, house rent, house mortgage loan
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