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The Theory And Practice Of The Development Of The World Party Political Opposition Research

Posted on:2008-08-18Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:K F WuFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360212991659Subject:Doctrine of the party and party building
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
This thesis is a both positive and comparative research.It focuses its efforts on the problem that why our nation does not make remarkable progress or is not free itself from pre-modernization as a whole from 1840 till today, especially from reform and opening policies was adopted in China as of 1978.As an important part in modern political system, party is examined in British, American and Chinese contexts. The author analyses their difference and the corresponding causes by tracing back the origin of party to Enlightenment Movement and describing on what it should be in China. Based on the above research, opposition party is defined.To answer what it should be of the party, the ultimate value of political philosophy, that is freedom and equality, is used in this thesis. The author holds unusual views on that liberalism and constitutional democracy are key factors in realizing the said ultimate value. It is proved that the party system of British played an important role in popular sovereignty, checks and balances, public conscience and good order through investigating historically the theory and practice of opposition party. Subsequently American party struggles are studied through two famous constitutional cases in its initial stage and in which degree the party struggles affect the checks and balances doctrine. Both of the two kinds of party struggle are supported by generally accepted value including freedom and equality.Parties in China are comparatively studied. During early time of the Republic of China era(1912-49),internal strife among three factions are actually between faction and party. Because different regulations are observed, it is a logical consequence that the faction succeeds while the party defeats. So Sun Yat-sen is compelled to force. Before and after January 1946, when Political Consultative Conference was held, the the National Union and the democrat without party affiliation reach an agreement mainly for they share the same guiding principle which is freedom and equality. Then the reason of political struggle between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party transforming into civil war is that the former has degenerated from a party into a faction. Correspondingly, the relationship between the Kuomintang and National Union is changed into faction and party. Abiding by the same Law of the Jungle, the Communist Party is superior to the Kuomintang for it represents the progressive idea.The pre-modernization nature of China does not change much since 1978 is that the Communist Party is missing the guiding value and sliding from party to faction peacefully. Its ultimate value is slowly destroyed and replaced by some interest group. To release from this kind of plight, the universal value including freedom and equality needs to be confirmed. Self-examining our political system, the function of the Opposition is necessary although whether or not we need the Opposition is uncertain. Maybe we should seek our own democratic system and party system along this way.
Keywords/Search Tags:party, the Opposition, freedom, equality, democracy
PDF Full Text Request
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