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Research On The Public Participation In Mega Events Based On The Effective Management Model

Posted on:2009-10-28Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:C L WangFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360272461205Subject:Urban management and construction project management
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
With the more and more heated global competition, holding mega-events has become part of a deliberate policy strategy for local development. Meanwhile, in recent decades there has been a noticeable increase of the desire for a simultaneous growth in participatory democracy and expertise in decision-making in many countries. Both of the factors have promoted the coming forth of public participaton in mega-events. However, generally speaking, in the process of bidding and organizing the Olympic Games or other major events, public participation is still very limited. Accordingly, the existing research did not give enough answers for the publics to effectively participate in the public decision-making of mega events, especially the measures put forwarded are lack of maneuverability. Under such realistic and theoretical background, in-depth study on public participation in mega-events is becoming more and more meaningful.By introducing the Effective Decision Model of Public Involvement brought forward by John Thomas and through a large number of expert interviews, surveys and statistical analysis, this paper aims to establish the Effective Managerial Decision Model of Public Participation in Mega-events, with the expectation to provide a scientific theoretical paradigm for the entire process of public participation in mega-events. Then by examining 2010 Shanghai World Expo as case study, the paper analyzed the scope and the specific ways of public participation in mega-events, as well as providing a series of policy advice for the Bureau of Shanghai World Expo Coordination and the relevant government departments.In accordance with the established research roadmap and the integrated use of questionnaire survey, brainstorming, expert advice and statistical analysis and other research methods, the paper has drawn a series of meaningful conclusions: First, the Effective Management Model is an appropriate framework for investigating the public participation in mega-events. Among the above framework, institutional environment is the foundation, special regulations and organizational system are the guarantee, managerial decision is the tie between the participation areas and the specific ways to participate, and effects evaluation is the basis for investigating whether the public participate in the mega events effectively. Second, the fact that there were opportunities to become involved via various forms was of greater importance than actually doing so, which is similar to the findings in Haxton's research on community participation in the Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Third, at present, the overall level of public participation in the 2010 Shanghai World Expo is not high, but some management ideas and models are very advanced. Finally, it is appropriate for Shanghai World Expo to solve the problem of public participation according to the line of thought, that is from participation area, managerial decisions, participation ways, guarantee system to effects evalution and adjustment.Generally speaking, this dissertation has the following three major innovations: First, the so-called "whole process" means that the public should not only participate the decision-making, implementation and evaluation in mega-events, but also run through the different phases of mega-events management, "effective participation" means there should be a reasonable arrangement about the main participators, participation process, participation ways and other related areas. Second, the author has constructed the Effective Management Model of Public Participation in Mega-events from the perspective of participation area, participation ways, institional & organizational guarantee system and effects evaluation, which can reflect the trend of public participation's changing from static one-way mode to dynamic multi-dimensional management. In addition, based on the above model and the integrated use of a variety of sociological research methods, including brainstorming, expert interviews, questionnaires, case studies and community-based study, with qualitative analysis and quantitative research combined, the paper gave a comprehensive analysis on that how can the publics effectively participate in 2010 Shanghai World Expo.Because of the limit of time, funding and research level of the author, there are still some obvious deficiencies in the paper. For instance, it is found, when doing the statistics analysis, that the information available through the survey is relatively extensive and the questionaire can be improved. In addition, there are many worthwhile issues to be studied around public participation in mega-events, for example, the correlation between what the publics have expected and the extent of their support and participation, and case study on the public participation in some other major projects in Shanghai World Expo.
Keywords/Search Tags:Mega-event, Public Participation, the Effective Management Model, Managerial Decision, Participation Way, 2010 Shanghai World Expo
PDF Full Text Request
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