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On WTO's Trade Policy Review Mechanisms

Posted on:2005-03-01Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:S LiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2156360122488709Subject:Economic Law
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Trade Policy Review Mechanism took its shape during the "Mid-term Review" by Ministerial Meeting in Montreal, Canada. Alongside the entry-into-force of Final Act, the legal text of TPRM was simultaneously developed into Annex 3 of WTO Agreement, which serves as one of the three major mechanisms of WTO. It provides that all WTO members should be subject to collective and periodical appreciation and evaluation with the aim of contributing to improved adherence to rules, disciplines and commitments by achieving greater transparency. Being non-confrontational and non-legalistic, TPRM is greatly distinguished in nature form Dispute Settlement Mechanism with an intensified jurisdiction, and those two mechanisms have together constituted the supervisory system for WTO organically.In this thesis, the author manages to further this research from the angle of law thoroughly and comprehensively on what has been previously achieved. The body is comprised of preface, conclusion and 5 chapters. In Chapter 1 the history of TPRM is intensively reviewed; In Chapter 2 some of the substantial and structural issues of TPRM are given a macro-analysis, including the purpose, function, applied standards, coverage and participating parties of TPRM so as to come up with a systematical understanding of TPRM; Chapter 3 mainly concerns the procedural issues of TPRM e.g. the review cycle and schedule, which provides the reader a more detailed approach to TPRM. Moreover, in the chapter, despite its major introductory part, there are still some words devoted to analyzing the perfection and the trend of the procedures of TPRM; In Chapter 4,having collected and synthesized the negative feedback and appeal for improvement from the WTO members, the author attempts to make a prediction of the tendency of TPRM; In Chapter 5,considering the realities after China's access into WTO, much emphasis is placed on the suggestions and countermeasures on China's better involvement into TPRM . With respect to the research methods, while historical analysis is primarily applied in Chapter 1 to illustrate the evolution of TPRM, Chapter 2 adopts mainly the method of legal analysis, and positive analysis are widely used in Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5.
Keywords/Search Tags:TPRM, Transitional Review Mechanism, Countermeasures, Legal force
PDF Full Text Request
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