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Research On The Relationship Between The Two Parties Since 2000

Posted on:2013-06-29Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Q W JiaFull Text:PDF
GTID:2356330371975441Subject:Chinese Communist Party
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Reunification of the motherland is one of the three historical tasks of the Communist Party of China in the twenty-first century. The relationship between the KMT and the CPC is an important part of cross-strait relations, while it impact and determine the direction of cross-strait relations. So the study of the latest developments in the relationship is of great significance for the development of cross-strait relations and the complete reunification of the motherland. Recalling the history of the20th century, the development of relations between KMT and the CPC has experienced twice cooperation and splits. The direct result of the Second breakdown led the KMT retreated to Taiwan, resulting in the separation of Taiwan from the mainland for more than half a century. In more than half a century, the CPC-KMT relation has experienced a serious military and political confrontation, and gradually become loose ease. But Lee Teng-hui's "two states" theory in the end of the twentieth century seriously damaged the relationship between the two parties. Lee Teng-hui's "Taiwan independence" separatist moves directly affect the growth and decline of the political ecology on the island, so that the KMT become an opposition party in the2000election, ending half a century of rule in Taiwan.Since2000, the development of relationship between the KMT and the CPC has made a series of major breakthroughs in inter-party relations in general to continue moving forward in the direction of gradually moving towards reconciliation, mainly in:The Communist Party of China has long insisted its own policy position unswervingly and actively and push forward the exchange between the two parties steadily; KMT lost two elections in Taiwan in2000and2004, reduced to an opposition party, and conduct the "ice-breaking journey";"Hu-Lien meeting" realized the first meeting between the two parties and the top leaders for sixty years to build the KMT-CPC regular communication platform to achieve a bipartisan institutionalized talks; Bipartisan effort to promote the "two sessions" institutionalized consultations, and entered cross-strait "three links" era. Since the relationship between the two parties has made significant progress, there are inevitably some problems, such as KMT adhere to the "middle line" in the development of relationship between the two parties and the relationship between the two parties has long remained at the level of trade and economic culture, education, and presented unbalanced situation.Development of relationship between the two parties is an interactive process. Both positive and negative factors played a role in this process. The twice cooperation in history of the KMT-CPC relationship is undoubtedly laid the historical foundation for the two parties in the new era; as the remarkable achievements made in the30years of reform and opening up, the mainland's economic strength has been improved as an important driving force; The KMT forced by the pressure of party politics in Taiwan need to address and improve cross-strait policy to walk out of the storm. These are the positive factors for the development of the relationship since2000. At the same time, we should also observe the historic grievances of the KMT and the CPC is difficult to eliminate and the political differences between them still exist;"Double-edged sword" effect brought about by Taiwan's political democratization has not only promoted the process of Taiwan's political democratization, but also lead the KMT show quite conservative in CPC-KMT relationship; The Taiwan issue as China's internal affairs, has always been seriously interfered with by the United States or even directly involved in. The relationship is not only involved in cross-strait relations but also related to the United States and Japan, including the Three Quartet. These are the constraints of party relations since2000.These major factors affecting the development of inter-party relations will continue to exist in the future, and in practical, showing a complex and changeable characteristics, such as The competitive landscape of Taiwan political parties has been formed so that there is an increasing complexity of the tendency for the island's political ecology; KMT still uphold the utilitarian tendencies in order to meet their own political survival needs; In the development of relations between the two parties, the people on the island of Taiwan is also becoming an increasingly important variable; Return to the Asia-Pacific strategy of the United States and Japan also bring the two parties new challenges in political negotiation.In view of this, to promote the sustainable development of the relations in the future, the following realistic measures should be taken:Consolidate the results between the two parties through institutionalized means; Strengthen high-level exchanges and dialogue, increase mutual political trust; Establish a "timely response" mechanism; Expand the exchange of people on both sides. Since2000, more than10years of practice has proven that the CPC-KMT relationship has taken new steps to break the impasse, whether the two parties can finally reached political negotiations based on the "1992consensus", need the KMT and the CPC gradually increase their political mutual trust and make continuous efforts together.
Keywords/Search Tags:Communist Party of China, The Chinese Nationalist Party, CPC-KMT relations, Influencing factors, "1992consensus" peaceful development
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