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Study On The Rural Collective Property Rights Institution Innovation Of China

Posted on:2006-09-05Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:T B ChenFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360152992508Subject:Management Science and Engineering
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The defects of the rural collective property rights institution of China have brought a series of serious problems. It is an important topic that how to innovate the institution and set up the nowadays' property rights institution of "property rights clear, rights and responsibility definitude, protection strict, and transferring smooth".Firstly, the author studied the origin and transformation of the rural property rights institution of China through using the analyses ways of "demand-supply" in the system transformation theory and game analysis. The time extent was more than 50 years for 1950's. The author putted forward that the reasons of Chinese collectivize in 1950's was ideology and the strong need of industrialization, and the demonstration of the Soviet's development model, and the institutional arrangement of "three class own, and team is base" in 1960's and the establishment of family contract institution in the end of 1970's and early of 1980's was the game equilibrium of the state and the farnls based the compare of "profit-cost" of institutional innovation, the game was based on the ideology and political structure. After 1984, regional governments have been one of the main bodies of Chinese rural reform, and paid main role in the institutional innovation. The analysis on the conducts of regional governments in the reform indicates that regional governments have a lot of advantages in the system reform, such as finding promptly the needs of system, collocating effectively resources and reducing the costs of system reform, but also have some disadvantages. The Township Collective Enterprises institution transformed gradually. The analysis of the game between regional government and managers in the institutional change shows: the enterprises institutional change has the character of path dependence, and institutional change is the sequel of "insider control", the human resource of managers and institutional change have interacted in the process of economic growth.Secondly, the author analyzed the main problems of rural land property rights, the different reform ideas, the relationship of land property rights with economic performance and farm's rights and interests, the experiences of Russian land system change. And the author confirmed the idea of rural land property rights institution, which is the institutional innovation way of gradual, different, experimental, which was used in past twenty years, and make farmer's land property rights clarity and strong.Thirdly, the game analysis of central government, regional government and farms in the process of rural land confiscation indicated: in order to assure the safety of food supply and protect the farm's rights and interests, the institution must been innovated. And the measures should as following: carry out strict land management system; regulate the direct profit of land confiscation and reduce the profit of regional government, and give farms reasonable compensation. The game analysis of villagecommittee and farms in the process of allocating the land compensation indicated that the system of the land compensation allocation should be reformed. The author also analyzed the game among enterprises, village committee and farms, and get the result: in order to achieve Pareto optimization and protect farm's rights and interests, the farms should have the total independent rights, and replaces the primary executive service organization with rural cooperative organization through developing the land transferring agency.Fourthly, based on the analysis of development of collective property rights of community, and the institutional defects and the reasons of the Stock and Cooperative Ownership of community, the author putted forward the measures of collective property rights of community: gradually reduce the collective stock and finally cancel it, let stockholder get the independent property rights and regional government should provide promptly the institutional supply.
Keywords/Search Tags:collective property rights institution, institutional innovation, game analysis, rural lands
PDF Full Text Request
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