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International Coordination Mechanism For Climate Change Research

Posted on:2009-12-04Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:H Z CengFull Text:PDF
GTID:2206360248951144Subject:International law
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Climate change has become a focus that attracts global attention in recent years. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol constitute the main part of the international co-ordination mechanism on climate change. The Kyoto Protocol went into effect in 2005, from then on, the international co-ordination on climate change went up to a new but most important and difficult stage. My thesis will give a comprehensive analysis on the international co-ordination mechanism and bring up some propositions to perfect it.The thesis has about 30,000 Chinese characters and consists of three parts. The first part is the preface that introduces the implications of the thesis, the internal and international state of research and my methods of research.The second part is the main body of the thesis which consists of six sections. Section 1 is the summarization. In this section, I firstly define some basic concepts such as weather, climate, greenhouse effect, global warming and international co-ordination. And the international co-ordination mechanism here just refers to legal mechanism. Climate change is a global problem and does great harm to the humanity, so the international co-ordination mechanism is quite necessary.Section 2 describes the present conditions of the mechanism. We have several international agreements especial for climate change and some just refer to. This thesis only talks about the former. UNFCCC, the Berlin Mandate, the Kyoto Protocol, the Bonn Agreement, the Declaration of Marrakesh and the Bali road map will be introduced.Section 3 introduces the stand points and measures of the main nations on climate change, such as EU, America, Australia and China. EU is radical in the international co-ordination on climate change. Its measures like EUETS, ALTERNER are very valuable. America's rejection to the Kyoto Protocol can be the biggest obstruction of the international co-ordination on climate change. Australia's clean coal technology is the most advanced in the word which can capture carbon dioxide and then keep it underground. Though China has not to do reduction to a certain extent temporarily, it does a lot to control the growth of the greenhouse gas emission.Section 4 and 5 are the most important part of the thesis. Section 4 analyzes the defects of the existent international co-ordination mechanism. The first defect is that the conflicts among the nation's interest make the progress of the international climate negotiation so slow. The second one is the flaws of the UNFCCC. The third is the flaws of the Kyoto Protocol. The fourth defect is that the binding force needs to be strengthened.Section 5 expresses the writer's propositions to perfect the mechanism. First of all, we should consider the common interest of mankind as the foundation of the mechanism. In the second, fairness is the inherent need of the mechanism, so we must make the principle of common but differentiated responsibility to be the fundamental principle. In the end, the writer puts forward some specific propositions: 1.set up a Global Climate Change Council to deal with climate change; 2.improve the fund mechanism; 3.strengthen the regional cooperation on climate change; 4.establish a dispute settlement mechanism.Section 6 analyzes the problems in our country and also brings up some advices. China has much difficulty in reducing the greenhouse gas emission and we have some defects in our legislation on climate change. But as a responsible developing country, China will face the great challenge and fully exert its initiative in the international climate negotiation.The last part of the thesis is the concluding. After reviewing the points of the whole article, the writer points out the new ideas and shortcomings of the thesis.
Keywords/Search Tags:Climate change, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol, International co-ordination mechanism
PDF Full Text Request
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