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Struggle In The United Nations On The Issue Of Research On Both Sides Of The Taiwan Straits

Posted on:2013-09-05Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:H M LiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2246330371975576Subject:Marxism in China
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The representation in the United Nations is a complicated and sensitive issue between Mainland China and Taiwan. Before the26th General Assembly, the conflict mainly focused on which sides can represent China; since1980s the focus was on the issue of Taiwan’s "return to the United Nations" and opposition from Chinese mainland. To elaborate the conflicts of representation, the study should be based on the complex international situation.This paper provides a thorough review of this issue in different period. It tries to find the crux of the problems and compose disagreements from both sides in order to bring about a new situation for peaceful cross-straits development. The structure of the paper is as follows.Section One discusses the origin of China’s membership of the United Nations. Because of Kuomintang’s retreat to Taiwan in1949and the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, PRC became the only legitimate regime. However, that was the beginning of the conflict between two sides across the strait, since Taiwan authorities refused to give up the representation in the U.N. with the support from the United States.Section Two demonstrates the conflicts from the late1940s to the early1950s, regarding China’s membership of the U.N. The civil war and America’s interference in China’s internal affairs led China to the period of political and military confrontations. Who is the legitimate representative was the focus. Due to the interference of western countries represented by the U.S., the representation of PRC was left in abeyance.Section Three is about the conflicts from the mid1960s to1970s. During this period, the international situation changed. At the same time, with the changes in the balance of power in the U.N., the U.S. shifted its ground. As a consequence, in1971, Resolution2758was passed by the General Assembly, which recognized the representation of the government of the People’s Republic of China as the only legitimate representative of China to the U.N.Section Four elaborates the conflict of Taiwan’s return to the U.N. from the late1980s to the early1990s. During this period, Taiwan authorities under the leadership of Li Denghui tried to split the country by participating in the U.N. to reach the goal of "One China, One Taiwan" policy. Under these circumstances, Mainland China adheres to the principle of "One China" and stand out the breakup in any form.Section Five is about Taiwan’s struggle of return to and participation in the U.N. in21st century. After the leader of Democratic Progressive Party Chen Shuibian took the office, he made the use of this issue to split the country. Then after KMT’s return to power, it makes "diplomatic truce", eased the tension between two sides by adjusting the policy of not raising the issue.In conclusion, only by adhering to the "One China Policy" and opposing any forms of split can we meet challenges, grasp chances and find new ways to solve Taiwan issue for an early reunification of our nation.
Keywords/Search Tags:the representation in the United Nationsthe cross-Taiwan Straits, conflict, One China
PDF Full Text Request
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