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A Study On The Evolution Of Political Power System In Modern

Posted on:2013-07-31Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:M M SunFull Text:PDF
GTID:1106330374458534Subject:Ethnic political science
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
"Kang" is one of three Tibetan areas.In recent years,in order to strengthen the independence of the "kang" area research,many scholars put new concept "kang Tibetan".In this dissertation.the modern "kang" political power system evolution,not only refers to the modern kang political study,which analysis different roles of each political power subject at the "Kang" political evolution,but also indirectly research the relationship between the central government and the local government of Tibet.Researching the the political power system evolution of "kang" is a new exploration to the modern ethnology-politics-sociology history study.The strategies that Modern governments had used has a significance to the management of border areas.From the perspective of national-politics-society history,the author will combined macro diachronic analysis and medium area with micro event analysis in this dissertation.Main methods used in dissertation includes literature research, which collecting, and analyzing the historical materials of political power system evolution in "kang" area, such as documents,file,the Chinese local Chronicles data. Concluding different materials involving the same content,historical comparative research is another main method, which make a comparison among different states of political power system. in order to found the hidden regularity. The last method used in dissertation is System analysis, seeing all kinds of political power objects in "kang" area as a system, and carrying systematic analysis.The innovation of this paper lies in considering political power objects as a system. The study of political power system is to bring all kinds of power objects to a system and carry on the observation, analysis relationships among different political power objects, make a investigation to the influence of external factors,finally, carry a study on the role of internal and external environment in the political power system evolution. In addition, there are three based three implicit trends in the evolution of political power system in the "kang" area: State power was constantly sinking to the grass-roots, the relationship between the "kang"and "Tibet"was changing all the time, the administrative hed of kang was improving gradually. The specific contents as follow:The chapter1, the beginning change of the political power system at "kang" area. After the opium war, the introduction of foreign religion, the activities of foreign religion increased constantly. The Qing dynasty government gradually changed attitude towards foreign religion according the international treaty. A serious uprising erupted at Zhan dui, after rebel was died down. Zhan dui was rewarded to Tibet. Along with the frontier crisis deepened, Lu chuan lin wanted to strengthen national power propose a opinion that\"take back Zhan dui, bureaucratization of native officers\".Political power system was changing, and had more profound fissions between different Political power objects.Chapter2,drastically change of "kang" political power system at "kang" area. The against attitudes from three different forces towards the Foreign religion, the Qing government, the New Deal promote the happening of\"Feng quan events\".Government authority is greatly weakened, chieftain, temple and Tibetan officer at Zhan dui took the opportunity to the mess. The Qing government disposed the\"Feng quan events\"by military action. Zhao er feng took over kang area after mess and try to reshape leadership of the Qing government in power system. Later, the state power occupied the center of the political power system firmly, but the potential danger is not eliminate. And this time, the independence of "kang" area also appeared gradually.Chapter3,The Babel of political power system at "kang" area. Before and after the revolution "kang" fell into chaos. Yin chang heng was ordered to west expedition and recovered the administration of government quickly, and again try to carry out the reform. The officer control "kang" area put little attention to the defense. Tibetan army moved eastward continuously, the officer who controling the "kang" area only ruled a small part of the territory. At the same time, bandits in Xiang cheng led to a serious mess. In an attempt to shake the Chinese government’s sovereignty to Tibet, British colluding with close British forces in Tibet manipulated Simla Conference. A typical characteristics of political power system in "kang" area is there is not a force in the leading position.Chapter4, The reconstruction of the political power system under the control of Liu wen hui in "kang" area. After taking over the "kang" area, Liu wen hui take back the lost land in the east of jin sha river. He used different methods to control the monasteries and hereditary headmen. The strength of hereditary headmen was gradually declined, but the influence of monasteries still strong. Produced during\"Da Bai events\",\"Gan zi events\" against the local government of the temple event. The kuomintang central government support advocates of "Local Autonomy", trying to decrease the influence of Liu wen hui, but were not successful. But the central government, local government, autonomous advocates had reached consensus in establishing xi kang province. Local warlord liu wen hui who was in the center of political power system met different challenges.Chapter5,The reform of the political power system carried by Chinese Communist Party in "kang" area. The Long March of Workers’ and Peasants’Red Army of China went through the "kang" area, spread the propaganda about the national policy of the Chinese Communist Party, and established the first batch of Tibetan Soviet regime according to the United Front Strategy. In order to strengthen the construction of national autonomous regime, and developed education career, the Chinese Communist Party carried a series of economic and social reform after liberation in "kang" area. The government led by the Chinese Communist Party had firmly occupied the core of political power system in "kang" area.Chapter6, Nation state building in the evolution of political power system.The process of the evolution of political power system accompanied by the construction of modern nation state in "kang" area. The increase of local consciousness and the development of national identity is synchronous.At the same time the separation between church and state was gradually realized, also the ability of the government was enhanced. There were three trends during the construction of the modern nation state:democratization, modern, secular political life. These trends also can be reflected during the evolution of political power system in "kang" area.
Keywords/Search Tags:recent epoch, "kang" area, political power system, evolution
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