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Land System In The Process Of Urbanization

Posted on:2003-11-03Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:H WangFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360065961003Subject:Agricultural economic management
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
In the past 20 years, China's reform has accelerated industrialization. But when compared with the rate of industrialization, even in some provinces along the coast such as Zhejiang where economies are more advanced than other provinces, it hasn't achieved a corresponding rate of urbanization rate. Although some researches tried to explain this phenomenon from different viewpoints, there is no effective explanation from the perspective of land system. Based on the existing literatures and investigations, and using the case of Zhejiang province, this paper discusses the issue of land system in the urbanization as the followings:In chapter 2, the theoretic sources and research progress of urban development and land tenure are discussed. Firstly, this chapter reviews the literature on urban development, including the theories of urban development derived from comparative advantage, specialization of production, and economy of scale; urbanization theories derived from production and demand, and Lewis's Two-Sectors-Model. After that, this chapter discusses the research progress on Chinese urban development and land tenure issues. Finally, research progress of land tenure and urban development in china are summarized.In chapter 3, the research background of this paper is presented. Firstly, in the case of Zhejiang province, the process of urban development is reviewed, and the current status of urban development is described. Secondly the path and level of urban development is discussed. Finally, based on the analysis, this chapter presents that the high rate of industrialization has not resulted in a corresponding rate of urbanization.In chapter 4, the author analyzes the impact of urban land use efficiency; functional zoning and environment quality affected by the traditional urban land use system on urban development. Although the reform of urban land use system has resulted in the land market which accelerated urbanization, the low distribution efficiency of urban land, urban environment quality and spatial location have not been improved due to the lag of reform on land supply system and use system of the current reserves of urban land. In order to understand the logistic relationship between the collective land use system and the lag of urbanization, this chapter presents aland-cost-push model which can also explain how the reform of collective land use system changes individual rural enterprise location decision to accelerate urbanization. The efficiency and equity of land use system reform in the process of State-owned Enterprise Reform are also discussed.In chapter 5, the author analyzes the impact of land benefits distribution system on land transaction, land price and urban renewal. Then the paper discusses the shifting and incidence of land taxes and fees, and also its impact on urban economy. The supply elasticity of urban land of some usage and its reaction to cost change are also discussed. This chapter presents a model to understand the impact of land taxes and fees on the optimal timing of land development, and the results of theoretical and empirical studies on the logical relationship among land benefits distribution system, optimal timing of land development, urban renewal, land distribution efficiency and land black-market.In chapter 6, the author proves the existence of plan failure in the current land planning system by using two land planning cases. Through the detailed analysis on the planning process, the author can come to some conclusion that the reasons for the plan failure phenomena are uncertainty of economy, market failure, administrative intervention, and lack of coordination among some government agencies.In chapter 7, the author begins with the analysis on how the conflicts caused by current land administration system in administration of land utilization certificates, land market, and "Two-Planning" (coordination between land utilization planning and city planning) hinder the urban development. Then this chapter studies on the logical relationship between rent-seek...
Keywords/Search Tags:Urbanization, Land System, Land Use System, Land Planning System, Land Benefits Distribution System, Land Administration System, Land Expropriation System, Agricultural Land Tenure
PDF Full Text Request
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