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U.s. Private Foundations And The Us-china Relations - On The International Political Socialization

Posted on:2004-09-26Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:C Y QianFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360092490001Subject:International relations
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
As one kind of tremendously complex social organizations and civil society organizations, the private foundations in U.S. are the unique results of social, economic and political development of the United States. They are the vanguards in the process of US overseas involvement. Their activities and influence stretch all over the world and exist in a good many global problems. They became the most important non-governmental organizations, which are active in inter-national relations and global arena as well.The dynamics of US private foundations engaging in international political process roots in the following seeds: (1) the traditional religious, political and social cultures including the Puritanist spirit, the political systems of checks and balances, the association and philanthropy tradition, and volunteerism, etc. (2) economic globalization and global civil group revolutions driven by new and high-tech improvement, the trends of democratization of international social and political life, and the positive policies of reforms and open-up adopted by most countries.(3) the initiatives, consciousness, willingness and pursuance of private foundations themselves by making use of their abundant financial powers in maintainning the capitalist systems, spreading the mainstream values of the United States, caring for the common destiny and future, and solving the global problems.The influence of private foundations on the inter-national level between U.S. and China is manifested as the follows: (1) participating in, involving, and affecting the decision-making process of U.S government's China policy by the means of initiating and deepening China studies and understandings, facilitating the process of the establishment of normal diplomatic relations, and developing the communications and cooperations between U.S. and China; (2) encouraging, promoting and participating in the reforms of Chinese political systems, the construction of Chinese democracy, legal systems and rule by law, and effective governmental governance and the development of public policies; (3) engaging in the protection and management of Chinese natural resources, energy security, agricultural development, food safety, and biological diversity, and encouraging China to follow the path of sustainable development; (4) helping the harmonious development of Chinese society by facilitating the reforms of Chinese education, eradication of poverty, protection of disadvantage groups' rights and interests, family planning, reproductive health, the prevention and cure of infectious2diseases, and the successful construction of civil society and non-profit organizations.The private foundations of U.S. are successful in meeting the needs of reforms, development, learning, reference, and cooperations brought forward by the Chinese Government and the civil society. They are willing and capable to handle the relations with Chinese government at all levels in the right way, and became the model of trans-national cooperations between non-governmental organizations and governmental sectors. They selected the most effective ways to bring into play of their functions, namely by focusing basic roles and proliferating effect of the local transformations and grass-roots organizations. Their activities in China have widened the bases of Sino-American relations, enriched the connotations of bilateral relations, and engendered the conglutinative, elastic and buffer effects strongly and everlastingly helpful to the normal development of U.S.-China relations. All of these properly verify that the process of socialization of international politics is being quickened, and reveal the facts that state and non-state actors, and even individuals are changing the concepts, natures, operations, inherent elements and the systematic frameworks of international politics, and that the relations between or among national states are being transformed from the dominance of state level to the deepening and expansion of all-kinds social levels. The process of socializ...
Keywords/Search Tags:U.S. private foundations, U.S.-China relations, socialization of international politics, civil society, non-governmental organizations, global governance
PDF Full Text Request
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