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Variations On A Theme Of "Centralized Structure" And "Dual Structure"--A Comprehensive Analysis Of Japan's "Nationalism" Political Process

Posted on:2005-12-01Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:X B WuFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360125967409Subject:International relations
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
In this thesis, the writer defines Japan's "centralized political process" as "Nation", which hasbeen "Nationalism" since modern times, mainly aiming at finding out the "innate regulations" ofthis "political process" in the island country through overviewing the variable process. In order to make a comprehensive study, the writer doesn't confine "Nationalism" to itsmodern meaning, but begins at the origins of Japan's history putting the process into "historicalstructure",a theoretical frame which had varied automatically under some conditions, to get thehidden general principle from the view of "macro-history". In addition to this, the writer is alsotrying to explain the present Japan's "Neo-nationalism" political process intellectually accordingwith history. This self-variation of Japan's "historicl structure" is a regular activity under some conditions.In the past, when the "dual structure" came to a crisis under attack from the outside great power,the whole society would collect its all resources consciously as well as inadvertently just asmollusk towards "centalized structure" to be under nation's protection. Once the crisis wasdissolved successfully, the society would return to its conventional structure (the usual form) thatis plural from centralized structure (the unusual form) automatically (sometimes forcibly) and thencontinued in the innate track. When Japan came to the next crisis, it would go into centralizedstructure automatically. Even though these variations taking place under different conditions withdifferent contents, they were extremely similar to one another in structure and characteristics. Thisadjusting way under outside pressure has almost become an effective means of Japan's dissolvingcrises. This principle of "structural variations" seems to become Japan's fixed surviving way. In theancient time, Taika Reformation, the introduction of the Chinese model of state administration,was an attempt to go towards centralized structure which collapsed because of tribesmen politicsto extricate itself from predicament in Japan and abroad. After the failure of centralized system,the society was in decentralized state again and the "Military bureaucratic government"was finallyformed. In modern times, the introduction of the Western model of state administration underattack of advanced civilization was the process of Japan's centralized politics which disintegratedon account of its crazy expansion. Japan's failure in WWII resulted in the diappearance of"Nationalism" and the establishment of the "post-war socio-political system" the U.S. occupation. Failure of WWII caused a fact that the mystique of modern nations had vanished into thin airfor Japanese people. As a result, "Nationalism" became taboo words and "Nation" was a synonymof "evil" which had lost its former prestige. Thereafter, people were no longer devoted themselvesto their nation enthusiastically and faithfully. The entire society was in the mood of"Extra-nationalism" and later it became a post-war political tendency and social agitation. However, this political taboo was challenged and questioned as Japan's economic success inpost-war period. The "New National Structure Movement" in the 1980s was ever promoted afterCold War, in addition to this, the collapse of bubble economy and suffering of "lost 10 years"makes the process "change deeply". Meanwhile, "Nationalism" is gradually becoming an obvious 5political trend based on a widespread "popular will" choice and is also a major direction in thefuture society. How to interpret this political phenomenon? The writer points out how the "historicalstructure" was established, operated and regulated logically? The fact that the post-war"socio-political system" being deconstructionalized came to a unprecedented crisis inspiredpeople's desireness of "Nation". Especially as entreprises whic...
Keywords/Search Tags:nationalism, historical structure, tribesmen politics, community
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