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The Research On Stalin's Concept Of National Interests

Posted on:2010-12-27Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Z W QinFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360275962685Subject:Marxist theory and ideological and political education
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
On Stalin's research and evaluation, has been continuous for several decades, and mixed the ups and downs. With the Russian Re-evaluation of Stalin rise, such a study and evaluation re-up boom. In recent years, the Marxist ideology of international relations research has gradually rise, but also become an upsurge. In both wave,as a combination of both points Stalin's international relations thinking extremely lacking. Therefore, from "national interest" which is a hot concept in international relations starting to study and evaluate the model of Stalin and Stalinism, sum up Stalin's international relations and foreign strategic thinking, is not only necessary, but also an important academic value and practical significance.The formation of Stalin's concept of national interests has its theoretical sources,historical influence,reality accordance and development context. First of all, as a Marxist, Stalin's concept of national interests is from the Marxist especially Lenin's concept of national interests. Secondly, as a successor of the Russian tradition, Stalin's concept of national interests is the historical influence of Russia's traditional idea of national interests. Third, Stalin's concept of national interests has its distinct historical background and objective conditions, they are the socialist country emergence and development, the capitalist country development and changes, the emerging nation-state rise and development, the pattern of international relations evolve and influence , Time thoughts agitate and beginning, the Soviet decision-making system influence and evolve, which led to Stalin have a concept of national interests and changes.Fourth, Stalin's concept of national interests has a clear development context,that is ,first budding adolescence,and later going through the initial formation period in 1907 before,the swing-development period in 1907-1917,the gradual maturation period in 1917-1924 and the development-rigid period in 1924-1953.The main content and the basic framework of Stalin's concept of national interests include the basic content, the core idea and the basic strategic. Its basic content is a variety of benefits integrated and coordinated, but "must be one". specific performance: benefits of political, economic and culture mutual infiltration but emphasized political interests, personal interests and public interests are intertwined but to highlight the public interest, class interests and national interests in close connection with but the emphasis on class interests, national interests and the world interests organic unity but tend to the national interest, the recent benefits and long-term benefits coordination but highlighted the benefits in the near future. Its core idea is the "one country into a socialist" theory, which is its starting point and the end result. Its basic strategic is divided into national strategies, international strategies and inter-party strategy, and is a complete three-dimensional system.National strategies for Stalin's concept of national interests, including the domestic political strategy, economic strategy, cultural strategy and community strategy, four-in-one. Political strategy is divided into party-building, regime-building, national policy, military construction, and extreme means (personal worship and Big cleaning), the basic characteristic is the high concentration of state power. Economic strategy, including the socialist industrialization and agricultural collectivization, the aim of achieving the consolidation and powerful country. Cultural strategy is the implementation of the "cultural revolution" and the cultural construction, but also strengthen the ideological and cultural cleansing, the formation of a double impact. Social strategies, including relations such as treatment of man and nature, man and society, man and man, man and himself, regional and urban and rural areas, state and society, the most obvious is the neglect of "real people" demand, at the same time created a "strong country" and "weak society."International strategy for Stalin's concept of national interests, divided into three parts of pre-World War II, in World War II, after World War II. Its basic characteristic is the "dual nature" that the world revolution and peaceful coexistence, internationalists and big country intertwined. Specific performance is, before World War II to protect the collective security and neutrality, in World War II the Joint War of Resistance Against Fascist and Great States dividing up the gains, after World War II the major powers cooperation and confrontation between blocs, as well as the struggle and join with the fascists, cooperation and conflict with its allies, internal contradictions and disputes in social camp, and so on. But all are united in the thinking of Stalin's national interests, national interests is the highest principle.Inter-party strategies for Stalin's concept of national interests, including Stalin and Comintern, Stalin and Communist Party Intelligence Bureau, Stalin and Communist Party of China. Stalin period, Comintern developing "Stalin" gradually and Comintern "international benefits center" developing "Soviet National benefits center" gradually, national interests has become one of the important reasons the dissolution of Comintern. Communist Party Intelligence Bureau is an option Stalin's camps against, but also the internal controls and unified action tool in the situation of the Cold War, the final efforts of the reconstruction of the international communist movement center, which ended in failure. Communist Party of China, for Stalin is not only allies brother but also happy enemy, which for decades joys and sorrows, Separation and Polymerization, in accordance with the development of the situation changes and contradictions can be divided into 1921-1931, 1931-1945, 1945-1949,1949-1953 four stages. In the inter-party strategy, internationalism obvious, but the state benefits as a cross-cutting is the main line.On Stalin's concept of national interests, the comprehensive assessment including both the analysis theorys closely related to Stalin's concept of national interests, and the assessment historical status, influence and inspiration of Stalin's concept of national interests. Stalin's concept of national interests is inseparable to his Marxist concept, but also closely linked with his understanding of the history of the world. Stalin's concept of national interests, is an important component thinking and the guiding ideology of Stalin model, Stalin international relations thought, but also an important component and important phase of Marxist. Stalin's concept of national interests for his own country, Other country's influence is twofold, also provides many lessons for the world economic and social development. Its significance lies in: we must adhere to closely integrate theory and practice, seeking truth from facts, advance with the times; must adhere to the various benefits of an integrated and coordinated, scientific and harmonious development; must adhere to the true patriotism and internationalism combined, build a "harmonious world"; must be based on the actual conditions of China, to build socialism with Chinese characteristics view of national interests and it's strategies.
Keywords/Search Tags:Stalin, concept of national interests, socialist, strategy
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