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A Research On Sustainable Wetland Tourism

Posted on:2003-10-23Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:M LuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2156360062986344Subject:Human Geography
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Nowadays, the so-called 'Rising Sun Industry' tourism has aroused extensive attention. Wetland is the highest ecosystem on productivity in the world, for it not only has abundant water resources, land resources, biodiversity resources and mineral resources, but also has tremendous ecological and economic benefits. With the peculiar natural and cultural landscapes, wetlands provide many advantages on Wetland Tourism(WT). On the basis of Sustainable Development (SD), Sustainable Tourism and Ecotourism, this paper brings forward the concept of WT and analyses the co-relation between the development of WT and the protection of wetlands environment. In addition, in allusion to the biodiversity, landscape diversity and culture diversity of wetlands, it also makes a forward discussion on the value of WT and proposes some countermeasures to the Sustainable Wetland Tourism(SWT).WT is a tourism activity which is based on wetland resources, and is a pattern of tourism exploitation which has strong ecological protection consciousness on wetland. The core idea of SWT is built on the basis of economic, social and ecological benefit. The arm it pursues is: WT not only need to meet people's tourism necessities and make everyone gain adequately benefit, but it must protect wetland resources and environment and make our offspring have equal opportunities and powers on tourism. WT specially concentrates on ecological rationality and emphasizes on environmental protection for tourism resources and tourist destination.The features and evaluations of WT embody on many kinds of terms in culture diversity, landscape diversity, biodiversity and so on. Firstly, the wetland cultures have many characteristics in diversity, peculiarity, science etc. The history culture, folk-custom culture, delicatessen culture and merchandise culture in wetland are headspring which are survival base for wetland culture tourism. Secondly, the wetland landscapes are tourism resources which have abundantculture connotation, amusement and aesthetic value, and many varieties of wetland landscape resources, such as coasts, rivers, waterfalls, estuaries and constructed wetlands, provide new opportunities for wetland landscape tourisms. Thirdly, wetlands are bases in which numerous wildlife inhabit and propagate, and the specialty of wetland biodiversity attracts scholars and tourists to sightsee and explore, so wetlands become an ideal tourist destination where they can get wildlife appreciation, ornamental and birds appreciation together.WT exploitations bring enormous economic benefits, meanwhile arise a large number of environment problems. It needs us to deal with the relationship of the WT and environment protection correctly, to define the threshold population of WT, to forecast environmental capacity of WT. For the sake of protection, the exploitations would do no harm to wetland environment.As a result, the SWT should follow these countermeasures below. The reasonable WT planning should be worked out according to the theory of Landscape Ecology. The law and regulation of WT should be consummated. The information management and service system of WT should be built. The every target of wetland environment should be inspected continuously. At the same time wetland management should follow the principle that government decision and community participation combine together. Only by this can WT reduce the contradiction of WT and environment protection and the ecological function of wetland be maintained and restored. Eventually WT will attain the demands of SWT, and attain SD target gradually.
Keywords/Search Tags:Wetlands, Wetlands Tourism, Sustainable Wetlands Tourism, Environmental Protection, Biodiversity, Landscape Diversity, Culture Diversity
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