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The International Law Of The Iranian Nuclear Issue

Posted on:2012-03-08Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y N DongFull Text:PDF
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Analysing the nuclear development and its causing crisis in Iran is a complicating process. It cannot be simply described in legitimate or otherwise.As a sovereign state, Iran insists on its civil nuclear research and development activities which are not contrary to existing international law requirements. There is no doubt that it is worth approving and Iran does have the right to make use of nuclear power in a peaceful way. Based on national sovereignty, making use of nuclear composes the nation natural rights. For one thing, the nation has the right to do the nuclear development; for another, it should take on heavy responsibilities to make sure that the nuclear power is safe, so this requires execution of treaties, cooperation with other nations and strengthen the ability of defense in nuclear safety.However, once the nuclear development is converted into military purposes, which will bring threaten to international peace and safety, the international law will be sure to standardize it. But the reality is that the given treaty of international law, no matter the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) or Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which represents a key legal barrier to nuclear weapons proliferation and makes a critical contribution to international security, can hardly have effective restrictions on Iran's exceeding its authority. If there is no common principle of international law on the test ban and the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, it is hard to restrict Iran directly, according to the special law. It can only rely on the second treaty of the UN Charter (prohibition in resorting to the use or threat of force) and the principle of an abuse of a power granted in international law.The Iran nuclear crisis exposes the immediacy to revise the international laws and systems. In order to build sustaining nuclear safety, on the one hand, every nation should execute relative international duties, strength its legislation and supervise system, share its experience and information; on the other hand, the UN should revise and complete the treaties as soon as possible and add the rights for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) appropriately. Once Iran or other States and areas has crisis of nuclear proliferation, then the international law and system can maintain the safety for the international nuclear activities.
Keywords/Search Tags:Iran nuclear issue, national sovereignty, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), International Common Law
PDF Full Text Request
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