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The Research On Development And Problem Of Russia-NATO Relation

Posted on:2013-04-18Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y XuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2246330371479885Subject:International politics
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NATO was founded in 1949, which was an international military organizationjointly established by the United States and the singnificant countries of WesternEurope after World War II . Russian and socialist countries of East Europeanestablished the WTO organization to fight against NATO in 1955, when the ColdWar of the two international military organizations started. In 1991 when the ColdWar ended, NATO continued to develop in a new international environment. Tocontinue to control Europe and dominate the world, The United States maintained itsglobal hegemony through the expansion of NATO’s political functions, the eastwardexpansion plans and other strategic means. NATO’s eastward expansion seriouslydamaged Russia’s national security interests. With the expansion of NATO’sgeographical scope and political functions and the participation in internationalaffairs, the relations of Russia and NATO is no longer a regional problem. Based onthe events of the Russian-North relations over the past two decades, this articleprofoundly analyzes the process of motives and characteristics of Russia-NATOrelationship development. By comparing Russia’s three leaders’ NATO policy, itgives a rational judgment on the future development of the Russia-NATO relationsand a comprehensive summary of the impact of the Russian-North relations, toprovide a reference for China’s development and the formulation of foreign policy.The paper is divided into five chapters.Review two of Yeltsin and Putin during the Russian-North relations. InYeltsinpresidency, the initial stage was to actively improve its relations with NATO Afterthe failure of changes in foreign policy, he resolutely opposed the implementation ofNATO’s eastward expansion plan. After a period of struggle period both sides signedthe "basic document" in 1997, Russia and NATO relations entered the adaptationphase. But with the outbreak of the Kosovo war, Yeltsin late ruling Russian-NATOrelations deteriorated rapidly. When Putin came to power, he adjusted its foreignpolicy to improve the relations of the Western countries, and actively contact with NATO, by the establishment of the Russia - NATO Council. He cooperated withNATO in the opportunities presented by the "9.11" incident . Under the governanceof the period of Yeltsin and Putin, Russia’s overall national strength significantlyimproved during these two phases and NATO’s eastward expansion of Russia’sgeo-strategic space is severely squeezed.Chapter 2 summarizes the development of relations of Russia and NATO in theMedvedev era. Medvedev came to power when Russian-Georgian conflict eventsoccured, and the Russian-NATO relations interrupted for nearly a year. With thedeepening process of globalization, the United States and NATO member states,along with deepening the scope of cooperation with Russia, the introduction of thenew era "NATO’s new strategic concept" Russia and NATO tresumed contacts. Thefurther development of the ABM issue is the focus of the Medvedev era, relationsbetween Russia and North continued to strengthen the cooperation incounter-terrorism and non-traditional security field.Chapter 3 in summarized the Russian North relations into four points, which arethe dominant factor in Russian-US relations, NATO factors, the Russian factors andexternal environmental factors. First of all, NATO transformation of functions andpolicy formulation are led by the United States, Russia and NATO ties are based onchanges in Russian-US relations oriented. Second, NATO’s political functions toexpand the internal influence of the Russian-North relations change, and NATO’seastward expansion are factors. Third, the formulation of Russian foreign policy andthe development of relations with NATO are limited by national strength. Fourth,external factors affected the development of relations between Russia and NATO, themost important are terrorism and the impact of the global economic crisis.With historical Review and the development of bilateral relations in-depthanalysis of Russia-NATO relations, Chapter 4 of this article summarized theirbilateral relation characters. First of all, the most notable feature of theRussian-NATO relations is the existence of structural contradictions, mainlyreferring to the security dilemma caused by the serious lack of mutual trust.Second,the imbalance in the strength of Russia and NATO have led to the asymmetry of thebilateral relations, NATO has always been dominant and Russia in a passive position.Third, historical experience shows that a lot of Russian-North relations restrictedfactors, leading to its instability. Finally, Russia and NATO has established some cooperation mechanisms,played the role of solid relations and expanding cooperation, but its fundamentalcontradictions have not been effectively resolved, the Russia-NATO cooperationmechanism has a certain symbolic.NATO policy of Russia over the past three periods are compared and analyzedin Chapter 5, and predictions of Russia-NATO relations in the future are madeobjectively . In addition, it makes a rational analysis and summary of thefar-reaching implications of Russia-NATO relations, and come to the revelation ofour country in foreign policy formulation and direction of national development.
Keywords/Search Tags:Russian-NATO relations, the eastward expansion of NATO geopoliticalterrorism
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