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Medieval English Peasants Property Inheritance Relationship Between The Study Habits And Family

Posted on:2014-11-18Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y Y ShiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2266330425958940Subject:Historical Theory and History
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This essay start with analysising the evolution of medieval English rural men’s inheritance habit.Based on defining the inherited habit of english rural man,from the Norman conquest to1540when the statute of will was passed,to delve into the family relationship,and the effect due to the different inheritance habit to the english Socio-economic aspects.The first chapter explores the evolution of the farmers inheritance habit. Making the Norman conquest as the division, respectively discussed the inherited habit in the Anglo-Saxon period and the period from the Norman conquest to1540. And the different inheritance habits in the two period.In Anglo—Saxon period, children’s share of the inheritance equally, almostly all children can get property by inheritance. After the Norman conquest, put every inch of land in England feudal land tenure system, only the king have their own land, others are just possession of land. The inheritance of every gradeds who possession of the land has obvious different. For peasant class, different manors and villages almost all have different habits of inheritance. In early days peasant usualy choose gavelkind.Laterly,because of many aspects they began choose unigeniture.Then,the differece between children’s inheritance were clearly.especically between the children who can inherit land and the others who cann’t.The second part mainly discusses the peasant family property inheritance habits and family relationships. Divided into two parts,the relationship between the heir and be inherited; the relationship between the successor with the other.Relative to the aristocracy, rurals generally occupies less land, all the family members are involved in work, so the relationship usual equality and harmony. In terms of inheritance, they always resistance to the eldest son inheritance system. General families will give land symbolically to the firstborn, and other family property will share between all boys and girls. The rural family relationships usually more equal. Relatively equal between husband and wife relationship, they also have Marriage Settlement, but its purpose is not like the upper’s in order to protect their property, but in order to arrange the distribution of property. Husband usually designated wife as the sole executor in the will, it shows the trust of the husband to his wife.Chapter3try to analyse which the inheritance of property of the medieval england rurals, affect to the marriage and family structure. The relationship between inherited patterns and the organizational patterns within the family, is not a simple number and organization, but attitude and emotion. It creates, or to a certain extent,affects the form to a unique or intimate or distant relationship pattern, between husband and wife, parents and children, brothers and sisters. At the same time, due to the custom of the inheritance of land in middle ages, resulting in a large number of un-heir, or heir with small plots of land but hard to survive, has to go out as a migrant. So Lawrence stone also think primogeniture system not only lead to marry at a later age, also promoted the flow of the population.
Keywords/Search Tags:Middle Ages, England, rural men, Inheritance, Family
PDF Full Text Request
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