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Research On The Reform Of The Administrative Examination And Approval Bureau

Posted on:2021-03-12Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Z T GuoFull Text:PDF
GTID:2506306272980329Subject:Constitution and Administrative Law
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Since China's reform and opening up,along with our country the establishment of the socialist market economy and gradually perfect,the administrative examination and approval of the existence of traditional administrative examination and approval system program trival,replace the regulation with approval and other issues,more and more influence the vitality of market main body,has become a obstacle restricting the development of social economy forward,so urgent need to reform the system of administrative examination and approval.Since the beginning of this century,the reform of the administrative examination and approval system has gone through nearly two decades and made a series of achievements.Since the 18 th national congress of the communist party of China(CPC),in order to adapt the reform of the administrative examination and approval system to the needs of social development,the state has clearly proposed that the reform of the administrative examination and approval system should be combined with the government's reform of "delegating administration,regulation and service".Since then,the reform of the administrative examination and approval system has entered a new stage,and governments at all levels have actively explored and studied the relative concentration of administrative permission.From the establishment of the country's first administrative examination and approval bureau to the decision of the central government to carry out the trial work of the model of administrative examination and approval bureau in some parts of the country,the model of administrative examination and approval bureau has shown great advantages.For the government,the establishment of the administrative examination and approval bureau is a brave attempt and an important direction of the reform of the government's administrative examination and approval system,a beneficial exploration to accelerate the transformation of government functions,a major reform of the government's governance system and mechanism,and an important measure to improve the modernization of the government's governance capacity.For the market economy in the new era,the establishment of the administrative examination and approval bureau further releases the market vitality,optimizes the business environment,attracts external investment,gives full play to the leading role of the market,and clarifies the relationship between the government and the market.In this context,wuzhou city,guangxi zhuang autonomous region,approved by the district government,the establishment of wuzhou administrative examination and approval bureau.After its establishment,the bureau seized the opportunity and made great achievements in sorting out and centralizing administrative licensing matters,optimizing administrative licensing process,improving administrative licensing efficiency and serving the people.Taking wuzhou administrative examination and approval bureau as an example,this paper discusses the mode of administrative examination and approval bureau through five parts from the perspective of law-based government on the basis of searching relevant literature and in-depth field research:The first part focuses on the historical background of the reform of administrative examination and approval system to the decision of the model of administrative examination and approval bureau in some parts of the country and the significance of the model of administrative examination and approval bureau to the reform of administrative examination and approval system.At the same time,it also introduces the main research results of domestic scholars on the relative centralization theory of administrative license and the model of administrative examination and approval bureau,as well as the reference significance of foreign research on the new public management movement and "one-stop" service for the reform of China's administrative examination and approval system.The second part mainly elaborates on the reform of the administrative examination and approval system and the administrative licensing law promulgated,in view of the theory and practice in the situation of a mixture of administrative permission and administrative examination and approval,a brief introduction to the concept of administrative permission and administrative examination and approval as well as the relationship between them,it is concluded that the administrative licensing is a different way of saying the same thing with administrative examination and approval.In addition,the model of administrative service center and the model of administrative examination and approval bureau have appeared in the process of the reform of administrative examination and approval system.The third part mainly introduces the concept of the mode of administrative examination and approval bureau and its characteristics of relative concentration and separation of examination and approval.The author also analyzes the legitimacy of the model of the administrative examination and approval bureau discussed by the theoretical circle,and concludes that the government's functions and powers are statutory,while the establishment and functions of government departments are non-statutory and can be changed.Therefore,as a functional department of the first-level government,the establishment and functions of the administrative examination and approval bureau are determined by the government at the same level and have legitimacy.At the same time,this paper also analyzes the rationality of the model of theadministrative examination and approval bureau,and concludes that the administrative examination and approval bureau plays an important role in the transformation of government functions and the establishment of a service administrative government.For example,the separation of examination and administration breaks the long-standing management mode of the government by examination and administration,rebuilds the administrative license process,improves the efficiency of administrative license,and facilitates the concentration of the masses and administrative license right for supervision.Therefore,the existence of administrative examination and approval bureau is necessary.The fourth part introduces the establishment of wuzhou administrative examination and approval bureau and its great achievements in strengthening the management of administrative permission projects,promoting the reform of administrative examination and approval systems,standardizing the operation of administrative permission rights,strengthening the openness of government affairs and strengthening the supervision of administrative permission rights.Also found the significant achievements have been obtained at the same time,there are some deficiencies,for example,administrative permission to transfer difficulties,and supervision of examination and approval after separation of the two from the phenomenon,administrative examination and approval by the lack of supervisor department,to the effective docking,the administrative licensing matters of licensing items not highly concentrated,leading to administrative examination and approval agency lack of personnel and technical support,the expansion of administrative permission to effective regulatory challenges,bring challenges to the traditional administrative reconsideration system and so on.The fifth part focuses on the problems in the fourth part,combined with the research findings,put forward some solutions.,for example,a clear division between the division of power and the concentration of administrative licensing items,the comprehensive control of administrative permission to transfer,for examination and approval and supervision from the degree,establishment of a new relationship "trial" and "tube",perfect the credit supervision and comprehensive supervision afterwards way,establishing administrative licensing information sharing system,to solve the administrative department for examination and approval of supervisor department not brings the information flow problems,corresponding to the administrative licensing process reengineering,reduce permission to link,lighten the burden for examination and approval department for examination and approval,and convenient to the masses,strengthening the legal supervision of administrative examination and approval,Establish the external administrative supervision system of the bureau of administrative examination and approval,the supervision system of government affairs openness and electronic supervision,and improve the administrative reconsideration system to protect the rights andinterests of administrative counterparts.
Keywords/Search Tags:administrative examination and approval system, Relatively centralized administrative licensing rights, Administrative service centre, Administrative examination and approval bureau
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