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Study Of The Comprehensive Evaluating System For The Village And Townshit Enterprise

Posted on:2001-04-06Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:S D DingFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360065450298Subject:Agricultural economic management
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
As a new form of enterprise that came into being in the 1980s when China opened its door and started the reform, the village and township enterprise has become an important part of the national economy. How should this form of enterprise be correctly judged and evaluated? To answer this question, many economists, both theoretical and applied, have done a lot of work. What is meant by evaluation is the subjective judgement of a village and township enterprise as an object and therefore the evaluating system should be constantly improved with the social and economical development. This paper combines the research results of the economists with my personal experience of a long period in the management of rural economy and village and township enterprises and makes, on the basis of this combination, an in-depth study of the evaluation problem. With a view to promote the general aim that the village and township enterprise should maximize their economic returns and social and environmental benefits, this paper proposes a comprehensive evaluating system that is applicable both to the evaluation of the village and township enterprise and to the evaluation of the area development level of such enterprises. The evaluating system proposed emphasizes the following three points: l) The evaluating system is adequate not only for the description of the performance of village and township enterprises, but also for the prediction of the continuation of development. 2) The evaluating system is applicable not only to the evaluation of the economical returns of village and township enterprises, but also to the evaluation of their social and environmental benefits. 3) As a measuring yardstick, the evaluating system does not only meet, the basic demand of having a relative objectivity, but it should also be easily and conveniently operated.The paper is divided into five parts.By analying the correlation between the reform of evaluating system for the development level of the village and township enterprise and the development of the society, the first chapter describes the process of the improvement of the evaluating system in accordance to the three historical stages of development. While analyzing the positive role the present evaluating system plays in the evaluating practice, the chapter points out the three drawbacks of the present system: 1) The present system emphasizes the static description of the situation but neglects the dynamic analysis of the current trends; 2) The present system emphasizes the economic returns but neglects the social and environmental effects, overlooking therefore the damages done to the continuation of development of the society; 3) The present system emphasizes the description of the present performance but neglects the long-term continuation of development of the village and township enterprises. The chapter discusses the necessity of reforming the present evaluating system. It cites the research results of others and the data resources related to the present study.The second chapter discusses the final aim of the village and township enterprise, that is, the maximization of the economical returns and environmental benefits. To help realize the final aim, the chapter proposes the corresponding targets for the evaluating system, emphasizing both the need for long-term healthy development and the correlation between the social and environmental conditions and the development of the enterprises themselves. The chapter is mainly a theoretical discussion and, with an analysis of the development mechanism and the related factors, it describes the basic frame for an evaluating system for village and township enterprises.The third chapter studies some concrete examples and selects, from a great many factors that influence the continuation of development of village and township enterprises, the important nine factors to form the basic frame for theevaluating system. As the factors involved are numerous and related, the chapter first studies the correlations between the many factors and...
Keywords/Search Tags:Comprehensive
PDF Full Text Request
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