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A Study On The Exportation Of Small And Medium Sized Enterprise In Industrial Sector

Posted on:2003-05-11Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:S M LiFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360065962054Subject:International Trade
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
This thesis is an attempt to estimate the role of SMEs in China's foreign trade and to explore the way to promote the export of SMEs.Since the end of 1990s, there has been continuing discussion on this subject in China. Many of which attribute the remarkable achievement in the industrial sector and China's foreign trade in the 1990s to the progress of SMEs. Consequently, a higher and wider expectation of the SMEs in the future development of China's export business is evident.It is the hope of this to contribute to this important subject and to invite more balanced and realistic researches in this field.This thesis includes seven chapters together with a preface.Chapter one of the thesis make a brief introduction on the methods of SME classification and definition of SMEs. Brief remarks made in this part point out that the current classification of enterprise scale in China can not match the development of socialist market economy. It is necessary to reform the prevailing method of enterprise classification. The author further analyses the prospects of the development of modem SMEs.Chapter two of this thesis examines the experience of SMEs development in China since 1949,especially since the government adopt the policy of "open up to the outside world" after the end of "culture revolution" and the role of SMEs in the national economy together with its strategic functions and impacts in various aspects of China's economic and social life.Chapter three deal with some primary viewpoints of traditional SME theory based on neo-classical economics. In this part the author pay special attention to the relationship between SMEs and economy of scale. Remarks made to point out that it may not be proper for traditional SME theory to exclude SMEs from economy of scale and further explore the various means for SMEs to achieve economy of scale through strategic alliance, industrial clusters, etc.,Chapter four first make a review into the rapid development of China's export trade since 1980s,and discuss with data analyses the necessity and the possibility for China to further promote its exportation in the years to come with a view to ensure the endurable and stable growth of national economy. On this basis, the author analyses the relationship between china's comparative advantage based on factor endowments and its export trade. The conclusion is that the reason behind the rapid development of China's export trade during past twenty years is the effective utilization of the comparative advantage based on abundant labor resource. Furthermore, the author make some efforts to demonstrate that export-oriented SMEs in industrial sector is the most effective way to fully exploit China's comparative advantage.Recognizing the relationship between the SMEs and the comparative advantage, Chapter five in retrospect view the progress of SMEs exportation in the past twenty years, its volume, structure and pattern of export. Point out that SMEs in industrial sector,specially rural-based enterprises play an ever important role in the total export of China. Moreover, the author discuss various factors which may considerably affect therole of SMEs in China's export trade, especially focus on obstacles and barriers for SMEs to acquire financing, information collecting, personal training and other kind of services which is of most importance for the development of SMEs.Chapter six concern on the government policies toward SME development and export promotion. The attitude towards SME development is the base of SME policy. However, the relevant attitude are varied among nations and consequently result in the difference in principle and specific measures of SME policies. The author make a comparison between the SME attitude in Japan and The U.S. In Japan, SMEs is considered to be a effective way to achieve industrialization and structure change in industrial sector while in the U.S., SMEs is rather considered as an important factor to maintain free-market mechanism. In author's opinion, China is a developing count...
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