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On Inner-party Democratic Supervision

Posted on:2005-12-20Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:H H XiaoFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360122495010Subject:Chinese Communist Party
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Marxism states that it is the people who created history. As a result,the people--"masters" of the state, have the right to create, establishand stipulate the social system according to their own will and to participate in government administering. In socialist countries, after thepeople entrust the power of administration to the communist party--the people's agent, the communist Party, as the leading and ruling party, is in power actually administering the state. The power is always compelling, expansionary and exclusive. To keep the power from alienation and to prevent "public servants" from turning into "public masters", it inevitably demands the supervision to the power to keep the virtuous cycle of power-authorizing, power-controlling and power-regaining.Inner-party democratic supervision is an activity promoted in terms of the party discipline and the law of the state, in which party members and party organizations at different levels are all under the supervision of one and another and vice versa. The nature of inner-party democratic supervision is a self-restraining and self-improving system, which is established by the party on behalf of the people's interest and to the demand that "Running the state well must run the party well firstly and to run the party well, it must be strictly enforced." Inner-party democratic supervision is the basic pillar of inner-party democracy. It guarantees that the party can make right decisions and decision-making rights can be used correctly, that the cadre-governed principles can be properly implemented, and that the fundamental line of the party will keep stable for ever. Chinese Communist Party is the ruling party and her inner-party "democratic supervision plays the key role in the supervision system of the state and the society.Future is the continuity and distillation of history and history the condensation of future. Inner-party democratic supervision is a theory, an idea, an awareness, a practice and an ever-changing, ever-developing process of practice. On the basis of throwing light on the essence of a state and criticizing the capitalist party and its state's supervision, andin the practice of organizing workers' movements and establishing proletarian revolutionary party, Marx and Engles set forth some fundamental ideas about inner-party supervision according to the nature of proletarian parties and the revolutionary practices, especially the practice of the Paris Commune. From the very beginning, the principles of democratic centralism has been implemented. The basic rights of the party members and the masses are guaranteed, sand their will are properly centralized through the democratic supervision from bottom to top. And the centralized will of the party members and the masses can be completely fulfilled through discipline and the indirect supervision from top to bottom.Lenin holds that Bolshevik came into power in facing with crucial task at a special times. Most of the top management members are party members of the Bolshevik. The theories, methods and measures of the inner-party democratic supervision in Bolshevik is naturally introduced into the supervision to party's organization and its members of soviet Regime, starting from solving practical problems, Lenin's ideas about inner-party democratic supervision is more workable. But Stalin period's highly-centralized policy caused inner-party democratic supervision to deteriorate into the governing and controlling to the party members and party organizations at lower levels.The theory and practice of inner-party democratic supervision to the communist party are the inheritance and improvement to Marx's and Engle's inner-party democratic supervision theory, and especially, it draws similar theory and practice from the previous soviet union. In this course, there are experiences of success as well as lessons of miserable failure.Experiences and lessons shows that, to carry out inner-party democratic supervision seriously, we must abide by the following fundamental principles: the principl...
Keywords/Search Tags:Inner-party democracy, democratic supervision, course of history, fundamental rules, operational mechanism, right of supervision, procedure of supervision, channels of supervision, system of supervision, regulations of supervision.
PDF Full Text Request
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