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A Research On The Predicament Of Social Security For The Disabled In Perspective Of Social Quality

Posted on:2016-07-16Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:C ZhangFull Text:PDF
GTID:1226330467497609Subject:Social security
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
In recent years, with the construction of our country’s systems of social security andsocial service for the disabled, undertakings on disability has obtained a remarkableachievement, the level of social security for the disabled has also been improved.However, the social security for the disabled in China still lags behind thedevelopment of the whole social security and social economy, there is still a large gapbetween the basic living conditions for the disabled and healthy people, and theirpersonal development has not drawn attention of the society. The living condition ofthe disabled is not optimistic, they are facing serious problems, especially the povertycondition, which limits their ability of resisting the social risk; The rejection anddeprivation of society limit the rights and interests of disabled persons; In addition,the changes of social structure weakens the integrating function of the traditionalsecurity for the disabled. The limited social capital impedes their development. InChina, social security for disabled persons cannot meet their demand of socialdevelopment, not only on the value level but also on the system design, it is only akind of system based on humanitarian relief, which embodies a value of the individualmodel that all the problems the disabled facing should be attributed to themselves,which does not conform to the social model that recognized by the internationalcommunity, and it leads to the present predicament of social security system for thedisabled in our country. The core of the social model is the fulfillment of the rights ofthe disabled, though the contemporary humanitarianism thought began to payattention on "Equality, Participation and Sharing", which extended in the ideal, moral,legal and political field, it lacks of a concept of administrative rule to fulfill theirsocial security rights, while the concept of civil rights presents a unifiedadministrative guidelines, so the disabled social security system should graduallyaccept the view of social model, and makes humanitarianism as a general moral normand the conception of civil rights as a unified administrative normative guidelines ofthe social security system for the disabled, then reflects the actual meaning of"Equality, Participation and Sharing" during the execution.However, the social model is not perfect, it simplifies the complexity of the obstaclesfor the disabled, emphasizes too much on resolving the disabilities through socialreform and social policy, which leads the attention to the public domain and ignore the disabled individual’s barriers and restrictions on their social relations. The theory ofsocial quality provides a new angle of view on the disabled social security, and madea supplement on the social model. It emphasizes on institutional environment forsocial policy and pays more attention to the shaping of social relations in the livingenvironment for the disabled. Social quality is the degree of their participating insocial, economic and cultural life within an environment mean to promote theirwelfare and personal potential. Therefore, with present development of society andeconomy, personal well-being and potential actually stems from the quality of socialrelations(social interaction and social participation).In this process, the theory ofsocial quality emphasizes the social support and capacity building of the disabled, andrequires institutional environment and living environment it socially interaction withbe open. In general, social quality’s value actually orient to a kind of generalizedsocial security, which is an all-around institutional guarantee for the individual’sresponding to social risk in the process of self-realization, including four essentialfactors: the social and economic security, social inclusion, social cohesion and socialempowerment. Therefore, our society has a responsibility to provide a perfect socialsecurity to help the disabled on self-realization and development, and enables them toobtain certain survival foundation, to integrate into society, to trust in others and thesystem, and to realize its own value.This paper first explains the research background, literature review, researchsignificance and research ideas of the social security for disabled people, as well asthe basic concepts, basic theory and main methods related to the research. Then itdiscusses the application of the social quality theory on research of the predicament ofsocial security for the disabled, the first part of which is a review of the change of theconcept in our country on the disabled social security, mainly including"humanitarianism","civil rights" and "fair share", and then discusses the similaritieson the value or the concept of the social quality theory and the social security. Thefourth and fifth chapter focuses on the system environment of social security for thedisabled, analyzes the system status quo respectively from the predicament ofprotection of the survival security and right guarantee for the disabled. Studying fromthe dimensions of social and economic security and social inclusion, it describes theinstitutional environment of the disabled social security through the social andeconomic resources offered to the disabled by the society and the degree of their integrating into the social system. Specifically, social and economic security reflectsthe amount and source of economic resources the disabled controlled, the paperanalyze the living situation of the disabled mainly from family economic status,personal income and its source, the housing conditions, the rehabilitation services, etc,including the historical review of the survival conditions of the disabled and analysisof present survival conditions of disabled persons in our country, discusses the syste mpredicament the disabled faced in our country from the perspective of meeting thesocial and economic security for the disabled. The fifth chapter mainly analyzes theright security problems of the social security of the disabled who are the subjects of"social inclusion" in the economic life, political life, social life, cultural life, etc. Itfirstly elaborates the evolution, the present situation, and the practical effect of theguarantee of the rights for the disabled, and then discusses the system predicament ofthe rights guarantee of the disabled. Chapter6and7mainly analyze about the livingenvironment of disabled people respectively from their social support network andsocial development and from these two dimensions of "social cohesion" and " socialempowerment " reflect the criteria of value and social trust that the disabled share intheir living environment. At the same time, the part analyzes the degree of autonomyof social development and ability of the disabled and knowledge background whenthey participate in social affairs to understand the absence of the disabled socialsecurity system in the living environment. To be specific, the sixth chapter analyzesthe predicament of social support to the disabled in China, and then further analyzesthe needs of disabled persons to guaranteeing fundamental social relations on theinstitutional level respectively from the aspects of the weakening interpersonalsupport and the limited support from the organizations. Chapter7analyzes thepredicament of social development of the disabled in our country respectively fromthe aspects of self-cognition pitfalls and the lack accumulating of human capital, anddiscusses absence of system in the disabled social development. Then it puts forwardthe countermeasures to solve the predicament of social security for the disabled in ourcountry in perspective of social quality. On the one hand, the system design mustfollow the principle of the government-led, focus on both equality and preferentialpolicy for the disabled, reasonably and moderately intervene in the social relations ofdisabled people, provide safeguard for the differentiated development of the disabled.On the other hand, specific measures should be formulated, including coordinatingand managing multiple suppliers, improving the level of social survival security for the disabled; Perfecting the legal system of social security for the disabled to protecttheir rights, strengthening the social support network’s standardized construction forthem, and improving their social relations; Increasing investment in human capital ofthe disabled in our country, and expanding the independent development space for thedisabled. Finally, through a summary of the content of this paper, the author deem thatbased on the concept of social quality, the developmental trend of our country’s socialsecurity for the disabled are "diversification","legalization","standardization", and"capitalization".
Keywords/Search Tags:the disabled, social quality, survival security, guarantee of right, socialsupport, social development
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