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Minority College Students With Religious Beliefs And Countermeasures Research

Posted on:2004-05-16Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:S Z ZhangFull Text:PDF
GTID:2206360122466018Subject:Marxist theory and ideological and political education
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Xinjiang is abundant in religions such as Islamism, Buddhism, Christianity, Catholicism, Orthodox Eastern Church, Taoism and so forth .The number of believers is various. Samanism also is popular among the people, Islamism is worshipped by the Uygurs, the Kazaks, the Huis, the Khalkhas, the Ozbeks, the Tajiks, the Tatars, the Dongxiangs, the Bonans, the Salars, with a population of more than 1 million, making up about 60 percent of Xinjiang's total population.Under the influences of their families and the world around them, the proportion of believers among Xinjiang minorities college students is quite high. These college students are the future and hope of their nationality, for they are tire most active and dynamic force in carrying on, transmitting, criticizing and creating their traditional culture. Therefore it is important to guide them to adopt a scientific attitude towards religions and the Party's religious policies, for it not only touches on the development of their spiritual quality but also the establishment of spiritual culture of Xinjiang's minorities. Therefore it is extremely necessary to understand their situation of religious belief, paying close attention to their religious viewpoint and outlook on belief, for it is very significant to carry forward ethnic culture, strengthen ethnic unity, defend our country's unification, and promote the construction of socialist spiritual civilization .The author uses many ways to investigate the religious belief ofXinjiang minorities college students: such as questionnaire, sample survey, statistical analysis, literature-consulting , theoretical research and so on .By all these methods , the author advances some questions and counter-measures to solve them .This paper will be set forth and proved in three parts .The first part The author tries hard to understand the current situation and manifestation characteristics of the religious belief of Xinjiang minorities college students. First, the author designs 13 questions, take "Do you believe in religion?" for an example. From their answers, the author finds out the primary situation of their religious belief. Second, on the basis of questionnaire, the author makes an analysis of the three outstanding characteristics of their religious belief: worship in groups and blindness in action; rationalism and emotionalism; idealism and illusionism.The second part By questionnaire and theoretical analysis, the author finds out their reasons to believe in religion. Judging from the results of investigation and analysis, the author discovers that the main causes for college students to believe in religion are as follows; first, they are influenced by the natural economic formation of society; second, they are influenced by their traditional religion and problems in the management of religion; third, they are influenced by their own psychological needs and dissatisfaction in value-seeking; forth, they are influenced by the transformation of society and imperfect market economy system; fifth, they are influenced by their longing for science and technology that have brought happiness to mankind and their worry to their results difficult to be controlled.The third part: Research on countermeasures. By careful analysis and consideration, the author holds that if we want to change the traditional influences on the belief of the college students among Xinjiang minorities, we should adopt the following positive measures. First, we should positively carry out the party central committee's development strategy for the western regions, building a completely well-off society , promoting basic conditions for satisfying scientific belief; second, we should strengthen and improve the ideological and political work in institutions of higher learning, enhancing the creation and effectiveness of "The Two Courses" in teaching, bringing the main channel and position of "The Two Courses" into full play, especially the ultimate concern education. It is necessary to give religious course or lectures to let the students compreh...
Keywords/Search Tags:College students of Xinjiang Minorities, Religious Belief, Present Situation, Reasons, Research on Countermeasures, Ideological and Political Education, the Ultimate Concern, Spiritual Homeland, the Seeking of Nature, Truth, Kindness and Virtue
PDF Full Text Request
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