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Village Self-government Organizations And Township Government Harmonization Of Research

Posted on:2010-10-02Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Q K ZhaoFull Text:PDF
GTID:2206360275455186Subject:Political Theory
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1980s is bound to be an unusual period in China's rural areas.A purely home-grown grass-roots democratic reform movement-the autonomy of villagers,set off a new chapter in the reform of the rural political sphere after the household contract responsibility system quickly sweeping through the rural China.Since then,the emerging village self-government organizations and the township government after reconstruction have formed a new unique rural governance patterns with Chinese characteristics.The establishment of the governance systems enabled farmers to obtain sufficient operating autonomy and the democratic rights to manage their own affairs through straightening out the basic relations of production in rural areas and Liberating and developing the rural productivity.As a result,it not only has mobilized the enthusiasm of peasant to make production but also has greatly promoted China's prosperity and development in rural political,economic,cultural and social aspects.After more than twenty years of development,the mode of village self-government organizations with a combination of township political power has been increasingly improved and sophisticated,and the relation between Village self-government organizations and the township government has had a harmonious trend.However,because of China's special historical traditions,political,economic,cultural and other factors,it is undeniable that in part areas the relation between them has deviated from the track to some extent in the actual operation.There are intervention in the autonomy of villagers from the township government and actions in contravention of township government from Village self-government organizations; there is also lack of organizational functions and alienation on a certain degree.Especially with the deepening of China's modernization and rural tax and fee reforms,a series of new situations and new problems exacerbates this problem.At present,our country is at the critical stage in the construction of socialist modernization with Chinese characteristics.The week implementation of the national will at the grassroots level and the decline in the overall rural governance performance as a result of the imbalance to some extent between Village self-government organizations and township political power not only seriously restrict the new socialist countryside construction,but also influence the development of the harmonious socialist society and the comprehensive well-off society construction.This problem has caused the party's and the country's enough attention,and both the Seventeenth National Party Congress and the Third Plenary Session of the Seventeenth Central Committee give all levels of government the demand for deepening institutional reform and strengthening grass-roots political power construction to make government administration and the grass-roots mass self-government achieve the effective convergence and positive interaction.From now on we should be in accordance with the standard of the clarity of duty,the legal system of the powers and responsibilities,the seamless functions and the interactive behavior and use economic development,sound legal,institutional innovation,a sophisticated system,the coordination of benefits and cultural construction as the focal points to explore a more harmonious relations between Village Self-government organizations and township government and construct a rural governance mechanism which not only make both the party and government management play an effective exert,but also can explore the initiative of rural grass-roots mass self-government organization.Accordingly the relation of nation and countryside,nation and peasant can reach an organic integration to improve the democratic political system in China's rural areas,rural welfare and rural productivity and provide a more solid organizational guarantee for China's rural modernization and national modernization.
Keywords/Search Tags:Village self-government organizations, Township political power, Rural governance systems, Democracy at the grassroots level, Institutional reform of township, National administration, Grass-roots mass self-governance system, Harmonization
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