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Research On The Impact Of Children’s Migration To The Rural Disabled Elders For Care And Financial Support

Posted on:2014-01-25Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:C XuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2266330428961354Subject:Industrial Economics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
China is facing the prospect of rapidly aging populations. The number of elders will reach to202million in2013, and the aging level also will reach to14.8%. With the speeding up of industrialization and urbanization, more and more rural children choose to work in city. The number of China’s migrant workers reached to262million in2012. Among them, the migrant worker number increased by3.9%in2011and it has reached to163million.The miniaturization of family size and the migration of rural children impact the traditional family pension system, and it has brought great influence to the care of disabled elders. It also makes the traditional family care mode which based on children faced up with great challenges.The influences of the rural labor migration to the disabled elders are mainly embodied in the following two ways:rural labor migration decreases the possibility of care and care time; Children’s migration improves their income, and then they may give more net finicial support to the elder, thus increasing the possibility of the elder to buy social care service (financial support effect). The migration of children affects the welfare of themselves, the elder and the family.This study based on the national baseline survey data in2011of the national development research institute of China center for economic research group of Peking University of "China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS)". With the analysis of overall situation of the rural disabled elder, we use modern econometrics method to find the influences of labor migration to the care of the elders, also the care time and net financial support, etc. The main findings of the article are as follows:Firstly, there’s a different distribution of disabled elders between urban and rural areas in our country. The percent of rural disabled elders reached23.89, and more than14percent of them do not get any care. For the disabled elders living with spouses, the percent of them who get help from partners reached to71.Secondly, the most direct influence of children’s migration is the decreasing of time for care. For the disabled elders who lived alone, children’s migration also increases the possibility of no care. Thirdly, the elders with migration children have a higher possibility of net financial support. The same to the amount of migration children. That is to say, children’s migration has a positive influence to parents, especially for those who had got cared.Fourthly, considering the reducing of caring time with children’s migration and the scarcity of rural social care institutions or resources, we think the disabled elders who do not live with spouses are most in need of help.The development of the Times and the change of the thought idea bring about the evolution of human endowment service mode. In the context of the ageing population and labor migration, family and society should through more to the efficient allocation of resources to meet the challenges of the pension together.
Keywords/Search Tags:children’s migration, disabled elders, daily carefinancial support
PDF Full Text Request
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