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Study On The Stalin-type Political Power Structure Of The Soviet Union

Posted on:2016-07-25Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Q W TianFull Text:PDF
GTID:2296330461976304Subject:Scientific Socialism and the international communist movement
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
During the victory of the October Revolution to the end of the Russian Civil War in 1922, the Bolshevik Party and the Soviet regime, in the limited historical conditions, built the regime preliminary in order to consolidate the ruling position and win the civil war. General secretary Stalin in support of Lenin as the party to party a top-down reorganization, rely on the organization and discipline means to strengthen the central authority, the party organization of the highly centralized and under the authority of the Party Central committee. The early Soviet regime construction forms the basis of the outcome of the Stalinist political power structure. "The conflict caused by the Soviet new economic policy" development of agriculture and industry, has hindered the industrialization and modernization of the Soviet union. Stalin and the other factions around the "new economic policy" political struggle eventually win. Stalin according to the party and the existing conditions of the Soviet regime, rely on the party and government bureaucrat group instruction, completed the collectivization of agriculture, and on this basis to complete the heavy chemical industry modernization. "Cleansing" campaign made the older generation of party and government bureaucracy substituted by a new generation of party and government technical cadres, and began to transform the military that had relative independence. The military generals group and military-heavy chemical industry cadres group’s political status rose due to the needs of war on the outbreak of World War Ⅱ objectively. Late World War Ⅱ, Stalin’s political power structure form, the party and government bureaucrats, army generals and military-heavy industry group to become the main body of the Soviet Union Cadres of political life,national political security departments to monitor the two groups with checks and balances in the system, has the extremely high prestige as the highest authority of Stalin became the core of the whole system and the control of the. Stalin’s political power structure is the logical result of the first half of the twentieth Century Russian-Soviet social contradictions and the product is for creative attempt to accomplish the goal of ruling in the face of limited historical conditions, basically completed its historic mission. After the death of Stalin, the political power structure due to the political struggle and the variation of national political security sector suffered a major blow to the party and government, bureaucrats and military generals and military heavy industry cadre group is no longer affected by the national political security department of the supreme leader control balance and began to dominate the politics of the Soviet union. These two groups continue to solidify interest in regime, after which lead to rigid political and economic system of the Soviet Union, Khrushchev reforms, Gorbachev’s economic reforms in the early consequent failure. Soviet system defects caused by long-term accumulation of social conflicts erupt in Gorbachev’s "betrayal style" political reform, the final collapse of the USSR.
Keywords/Search Tags:Stalin, the structure of political power, industrialization
PDF Full Text Request
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