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A Study Of Marx And Engels' Thought Of Urban-Rural Relations And Its Contemporary Value

Posted on:2020-03-08Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:X Y GuiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2416330575480874Subject:History of development of Marxism
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In the report of the 19 th National Congress of the Communist Party of China,Xi Jinping clearly pointed out that the main contradictions in our society today have been transformed into the contradictions between the people's growing need for a better life and the unbalanced and inadequate development.One of the current imbalances in China's development is the imbalance between urban and rural development.Marx and Engels formed a relationship between urban and rural areas on the basis of the urban and western relations theory of the classical economists,Hegel's civil society theory and the urban-rural difference view and the urban and rural thoughts of the utopian socialists in the context of the industrial revolution in Western Europe in the19 th century.The idea of urban-rural relations formed by Marx and Engels at the time of the industrial revolution of Western Europe at that time still has great guiding value for the theory and practice of urban-rural relations in contemporary China.The research of this thesis is divided into the following four parts.The first part: Introduction.It mainly introduces the relevant background of the topic selection of this thesis,studies the theoretical and practical significance of this topic,the research status at home and abroad,the main research methods,and the innovations and deficiencies in the research of this thesis.The second part: the formation and development of Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relations.This part mainly discusses the theoretical origin and the development process of Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relations.Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relations originated in the 1940 s.Under the social background of the time,Marx and Engels criticized the theory of urban-rural relations of classical economists,Hegel's civil society theory and urban-rural differences and urban and rural thoughts of utopian socialists.On the basis of this,the thought of urban-rural relations has been formed.The thought of Marx and Engels' urban-rural relations has experienced the development process of germination,formation and maturity.In the development of this process,they have always been based on the actual society at that time,and gradually matured and matured with the development of communist theory.The third part: the main content of Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relations.The thought of Marx and Engels' urban-rural relations mainly clarified the general development law of the urban-rural relations from the same to the urban-rural separation and then to the urban-rural integration.It elaborated on Marx and Engels' urban-rural identity,separation and integration.The urban and rural areas are the same as the development of the low-level stage of the Mongolian era to the advanced stage of the barbaric era.At this stage,the development of animal husbandry and agricultural division,the emergence of early villages and urban prototypes.With the development of social productivity,the society has a division of labor and agriculture,and urban and rural separation has emerged.After the separation of urban and rural areas,the social division of labor has continued to develop in depth,and social productivity has also been improved.Coupled with the development of private ownership,urban-rural relations have gradually separated from opposition.The urban-rural opposition has a positive impact on the progress and development of society,but it also leads to the backwardness of the countryside,the widening gap between urban and rural areas,and a series of urban problems.In order to solve the problem of urban and rural opposition,the development of urban and rural integration is proposed.Urban-rural integration is the organic integration of industry and agriculture,the balanced distribution of urban and rural population,and the comprehensive integration of urban and rural cultural and lifestyle.It can promote the realization of urban-rural integration from the three aspects of productivity development,abolition of private ownership and overall development of people.The fourth part: the contemporary value of Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relations in China.This part mainly discusses the value of Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relations in contemporary China.Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relationship is helpful to correctly understand the history and current situation of the development of contemporary urban-rural relationship in China and to correctly grasp the focus of urban-rural integration development.The relationship has gone through the process of development from division to integration.At present,China is in the stage of integration between urban and rural areas.Although China's urban-rural relationship has entered the stage of integration and development after the early stage of development,and the urban-rural relationship has been greatly improved,there are still many problems in China's current urban-rural relationship,such as the unreasonable allocation of urban and rural public serviceresources,the unreasonable flow of urban and rural factors and the prominent problems in the process of rural urbanization,which affect the integration of urban-rural development.The existence of urban-rural relationship in China still requires us to take Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relationship as a guide,correctly grasp the focus of urban-rural integration development,and promote the development of urban-rural integration.Marx and Engels' thought of urban-rural relationship has rich connotations,which plays an important guiding role in the development of urban-rural integration theory in the new era,and promotes the development of urban-rural practice in contemporary China,and promotes the sound development of urban-rural relationship.
Keywords/Search Tags:Urban-Rural Integration, Integration of Industry and Agriculture, Rural Revitalization, Urban-Rural Confrontation
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