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On Systems Of Land Transference

Posted on:2001-08-29Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y H SunFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360002952524Subject:Land Resource Management
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It is well known that China is featured with a large population, less land of per capita and deficient reservation of arable land resource. Therefore, it is of great realistic significance to revitalize urban and rural land capital, enhance land use efficiency, effectively protect arabic land as well as maintain socially and economic ally sustainable development in China. The thesis is devoted to the research on the fundamental theory and practice policies of land transference, focusing on the primary concepts, historical evolution, theoretical basis, experiences in the other countries, current problems and the law governing domestic land transference. On a basis of the research and discussion above, the thesis puts forward some strategies for the establishment and complement of land transference systems in China. In the preface, after a brief introduction to the theme, background, meaning, existing problems, research methods, innovation and shortages of the thesis, the author argues that it is very essential to adopt land management measures so as to realize land sustainable use, alleviate the tight relationship between man and land. However, we can by no means neglect the great positive affects of revitalization of land assets and efficiency of land use on protection and saving of land resources. The available land transference systems are usually considered as an important method to revitalize land assets and improve land use efficiency. Thus, we must accelerate the establishment and perfection of land transference systems. Chapter t~w) bf this thesis reveals the contents and the meaning of land transference. The author points out that land transference is a complex concept, which contains the transference of land rights and the transference of land functions. In the chapter, an emphasis was 217 just put on its transference of land rights. It is demonstrated that the essential way of land transference should consist of primary transference (i.e. the sq~aration of the land ownership and land use rights) and secondary transference (i.e. the flow of land use rights between different latxl users). Corresponding to the above viewpoints, land transference market ought to include the primary market and secondary market as well. In chapter three, the author indicates the historical evolution of land transference in China. In private ownership society, on one hand, the land transference impelled rational distribition of land resource and enhanced land use efficiency; on the other hand, its negative effect was rather evident, diat is, in exploiting society, due to land over- annexing, peasant often lost their hying basis, and caused social disturbance. Therefore, after establishment of new China in 1949, the government had prohibited land transference for quite a long time, but land use efficiency was impaired seriously. After embarking the policy of economic reform and open up to the outside world, land transference lus been initialized and has been functional as an impetus on the socio-economic development. However, in some areas, the unsuitable management systems still exist and even lead to serious speculation on land. Accordingly, it is necessary for the government to take macro control over the land transference. Chapter four makes a brief illustration to land transference systems in other countries. Considering the...
Keywords/Search Tags:Land transference, Property right, Land market, Institutional changes, China
PDF Full Text Request
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