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China's Agricultural Modernization Path Selection Analysis

Posted on:2004-06-16Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y S BaiFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360092998599Subject:Political economy
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Modernization is a world- wide trend which China is also experiencing. With the coming of the 21st century, the Chinese people are eager to achieve modernization as soon as possible. Agricultural modernization is the key to the overall modernization in China around the year of 2050. That's because China is an agriculture -based country in which dual economy is very noticeable. Fifty percent of its labors live on agriculture and seventy of the peasants' income comes from agriculture. All things will be prosperous if agriculture prospers. The whole country will be rich if famers are rich. The whole country will be stable if the rural areas are stable. It can be concluded that without agriculture modernization, it would be impossible to achieve the modernization of the whole national economy.After the development of several decades especially after the implementation of the opening up and reform policy for more than 20 years, China's agriculture hasn't stepped out of the framework of the traditional agriculture despite the great achievements it has made. The agricultural base is still rather frail. The comprehensive productive capacity and agricultural comparative advantage is low. For several decades, agriculture has been a worrying industry. The shadow of "agricultural crisis" has manifested itself directly or indirectly in fast process of our country's modernization. Besides these, the two basic contradictions influencing Chinese agricultural modernization are inflexible and becoming more serious. One of the contradiction exists between large population and small amount of arable land. The other is between small ~ scale production and large - scale market. What worries us now is that the present approach cannot accomplish the anticipated effect. Therefore, it is urgent to find a way to agricultural modernization in open economy and especially after China's WTO entry. This thesis deeply analysizes China's agricultural path choosing under the condition of market economy and integration of the global economy. Making full use of different kinds of disciplines(economics, politics, sociology, etc. )and various sorts of analysizing methods(institutional analysis, historical analysis) , breaking through the limitation of time and space, the author decides on China's agricultural path choosing.The thesis consists of seven sections. Section 1: This part is an introduction which mainly introduce the bachground and meaning of the subject, researching method, new ideas in the thesis. Section 2: This part gives a systematic review and analysis of the theory of agricultural modernization path choosing which domestic and overseas scholars havemade, the author chooses his reseach point. Section 3: this part is theoretical study. Having researched the basic category of modernization and agricultural modernization, the thesis establishes the basic principles of agricultural modernization path choosing. Section 4: this part is about experiences and enlightenment of agricultural modernization, path choosing from some foreign countries, and what and how China can learn fromThem. Section 5& 6: these two parts are empirical study. With selectional theory of agricultural midernization path choosing, the thesis deeply analyse two sharp contradiction in China's agricultural modernization, the thesis gives its choice. Section 7: The last part is the basic conclusion of the thesis and some problems needed further researching.The study in this thesis mainly includes two parts: theoretical study and empirical study. In the section of theoretical exploration, a systematic review and analysis of the theory of agricultural modernization path choosing which domestic and overseas scholars have made. After the analysis, it is concluded that insufficiency can be found in the available study results such as strong individual preferences, being single - handed and external path choosing. It is proposed that path choosing be a complicated and multi - dimensional process. It is a result of many interactive factors, whose formation is a reali...
Keywords/Search Tags:China's agricultural modernization, path choosing, institutional arrangement, countermeasure
PDF Full Text Request
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